The Holy Roman Empire and the Fragmentation of Rule; The Mongols and Muscovite Russia
Terms in this set (10)
The German territory went through a period of interregnum until 1273, when the German nobles met and elected this man as emperor. He was selected in part because he was a minor noble with isolated lands near the Alps and into Alsace.
The Mongols were composed of nomadic tribes organized under a chief, who took this title in 1206.
Genghis Khan (Inflexible Emperor)
He turned eastward and took Beijing in 1216. Leaving his trusted lieutenant to subdue the rest of China, Genghis Khan turned his attention to the west and amassed the largest empire the world has ever known. Meeting little resistance from the Turks, his empire had expanded by 1225 to include
central Asia, parts of Afghanistan, Persia, and the Caucasus.
The capital of a division of the Mongol Empire at Sarai, on the lower Volga River.
The first Muscovite Prince to raise Moscow to prominence
Ivan I of Muscovy
He was seen as the founder of the Russian state, completed the unification of Russian land and laid the foundations for modern Russia; he acquired the prosperous city Novgorod, which had developed strong trading and cultural links with Western Europe. Continuing his territorial expansion, he eventually ended two centuries of Mongol rule of Russia at the Oka River in 1480.
Ivan III adopted this title, which is the Slavic equivalent of the Latin term, caesar.
In 1497, Ivan III promulgated a new code of laws known as the
The new strength and splendor of the tsar inspired several monastic scholars to propose the idea that Moscow was the
Ivan III bequeathed to his successors one of the most characteristic institutions of modern Russia:
its centralized, autocratic government.