Ancient Civilizations SSWH1
Terms in this set (28)
A city and the surrounding land it controlled
When a new idea or a product spreads from one culture to another
The belief in many gods
A pyramid-shaped monument with a temple on the top in Sumer
The Egyptian god-kings
The belief in one god
An Egyptian writing system in which pictures stood for sounds and ideas
A Sumerian system of writing that used symbols on clay tablets and a stylus
A government in which the power is in the hands of a single person such as a king or queen
relating to the system in which the father is head of the family
A system of social classes created in India by the Aryans
Religion founded by Ahura Mazda in Persia.; Concept of heaven and Satan (hell); One of the first monotheistic religions.
The first major monotheistic religion. It is based on a sense of ethnic identity, and its adherents tend to form tight-knit communities wherever they live; Founded by Abraham.
Oldest written system of laws. They were created by King Hammurabi of Babylonia in the mid 18th century BCE and placed on stones tablets for all to see.
A sea-based civilization of the Mediterranean that developed extensive trade and communication networks as well as an early alphabet (1500 B.C.E).
This writing system based on sounds letters make spread throughout the region since the Phoenicians were excellent sailors and used their alphabet to write trading receipts.
A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the Bronze Age this area included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, In the Iron Age, it was ruled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires.
Greek word meaning: "Between the rivers"
The earliest known Mesopotamian society
Highest class in early Mesopotamian societies like Sumer
Middle class in early Mesopotamian societies like Sumer
laborers and slaves
Lowest class in early Mesopotamian societies like Sumer
Replaced hunting and gathering in early Mesopotamian societies like Sumer.
Large-scale system of water control so crops could be grown on a regular basis
Nobles and priests
Social class below the Pharaohs in Egyptian society.
Lowest class in ancient Egypt
Hebrew and Arab languages
The Jews name for their one god