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Unit 1 Study Guide
Terms in this set (56)
There were over 200 tribes, speaking different languages and practicing different cultures. What caused the diversity, was the environment because some people lived in the cold and some others in the hot; caused for people to wear differ types of clothes and live differ. More civilized are the Aztecs and the Incas
Describe the diversity that existed amongst the Natives prior to the arrivals of Europeans. What caused the diversity and where did the more developed native civilizations exist?
Asia had things like spices, silk, etc., that Euros wanted, but the Muslims controlled the land routes, therefore it was expensive and dangerous
Why did Euros begin to look for sea routes to China and India
Where was Christopher Columbus from?
The queen and king of Spain, Isabella and Ferdinand
Who did Columbus sail for?
What year did Columbus sail?
He went in search for a sea route to Asia, but discovered the "New World" instead.
What was the historical significance of Columbus' 1st voyage?
The Spanish established missions to convert the natives to catholics, and established presides, to guard their territory. The Spanish viewed the natives as inferior, weak and disgusting people. They enslaved the natives and forced labor on them with harsh treatment.
Describe Spanish colonization of the New World--What types of settlements did they establish and how was their interaction with the Natives?
Gold, God, Glory
What were the 3 motivations for the Spanish to colonize the New World?
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies btwn the Americas, and the rest of the world following Columbus' Voyages
What was the "Columbian Exchange"
Religious freedom, economic opportunities, and in search of a better life
What were the 3 reasons that people left England to come to the "New World"?
Roanoke; people started leaving and people were disappearing
What was the first attempted English settlement in the New World and what happened to it?
Where was the 1st permanent English settlement in the New World?
Captain John Smith
Whose leadership turned things around?
What crop finally allowed for the settlement to start making money?
1st to grow tobacco and making a lot of money from it, and he was married to Poccahontus
What 2 things is John Rolfe famous for?
City Upon a Hill
Said by Winthrop; refers to the idea that Puritan colonists emigrating to the New World were part of a special pact with God to create a holy community: a model society to the world/moral commonwealth
People that want to "purify" the church of England, and follow John Calvin's idea of predestination(God decides who is going to heaven from the beginning of time)
Who were the Puritans?
To compete with Spain, domestic problems and religious freedom
Why did many people want to leave England?
Religious freedom and economic opportunities
What was the Puritan's goals in settling the New World?
Massachusetts Bay Colony
In what colonial region did the puritans settle?
Too much land and not enough workers to grow crops
Why was there a need for labor in colonial Virginia?
First labor source were Natives, but they knew the land too well and escaped, and the men refused to do a women's job. Switch to African slaves, because fewer people were willing to come from Eng. as Indentured servants because Eng improved economically
What was the first labor source and why was there a switch to African slaves in the 1670's?
William Penn, set up for the Quakers(society for friends)
Who founded Pennsylvania and why was it founded?
James Oglethorpe, for Eng. debtors, criminals, the jobless, etc.
Who founded Georgia and why was it founded?
Lord Baltimore, for Eng. Catholics
Who founded Maryland and why was it founded?
Eng. was getting overpopulated, so they wanted to take land that the French had claimed but were only using for forts, so the Eng. fought them for it
What were the cause of the French and Indian war?
The English; won all of Canada and all of the land in N. America, east of Mississippi
Who won the French and Indian war? What did they win?
Eng, became more involved in the running if the colonies, created the Proclamation line of 1763, created a standing army, and they started taxing the colonists
What 4 things did the English govt. begin doing to the colonists after the French and Indian war?
To keep settlers from crossing west over the Appalachian Mountains. The Colonists got upset, because they had just fought a huge war, and weren't allowed to use the land they fought for.
Why did King George III issue the Proclamation line of 1763 and why did it upset many colonists?
War was expensive, so taxing the colonists helped pay off the war
Why did the English govt. begin taxing the colonies after the French and Indian war?
Sugar act and stamp act
What were some of taxes made on the colonists?
Colonists didn't like being taxed; they've always taxed themselves and since they didn't get to vote for members of the parliament, who were taxing them, they declare "no taxation without representation".
Why did the colonists think that England should not tax them?
The "Sons of Liberty" were a secret society formed to appose British Policies, led by Samuel Adams. They terrorize collectors and destroyed the governors house.
Who were the "Sons of Liberty"? Who led them?And what sorts of activities did they do?
They formed their own group called the "daughters of liberty", and boycotted British goods like tea and had to make their own goods.
How did the colonial women participate in colonial protests against Great Britain?
Thomas Paine wrote common sense and called for an urging separation from England and no reconciliation.
Who wrote common sense and what did the pamphlet call for?
Thomas Jefferson wrote the "Dec. Of Ind."
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
To explain the reason for why the colonies decided to separate from England
What was the purpose of the "Dec. of Ind."
From what enlightenment philosopher did the author get some of his main ideas?
1. Everyone had natural rights 2. Purpose of govt. is to protect natural rights 3. People's right to form a new govt. if the govt. isn't doing their job.
What was Jefferson's argument in the "Ded. of Ind."?
They fought a defense war, they had a lot of help from the French, and the British got tired
Why did the colonists win the American Revolution?
Abigail adams was John Adam's wife. She called for women's rights in her letter "remember the ladies"
Who was Abigail Adams and did she call for in her "remember the ladies" letter to her husband John?
because up to 1/3 of the fighters were loyalists
Why do many historians consider the American Revolution to be like a civil war?
Leader of the American army during the French and Indian war; wasn't a good strategist, but was famous for keeping the army together
Church to convert natives
Spanish conquerers of the New World
Biggest killer for the natives
Took an army of a few hundred men and conquered the Aztecs
Event where British soldiers in Boston fired into a crowd and killed 5 people
First Spanish settlement in what is today Florida in the U.S.
Spanish priest, set up 1st mission in what is today California
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
1765; act that required colonists to provide shelter, firewood, drinks, salt. and candles to the members of the British army.
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Native Americans dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
people who wanted to break away from England
People who remained loyal to Britain
Lexington and Concord
1776, the first real fighting of the revolutionary war
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