36 terms

English Branton MIDTERM

midterm notecards on study guide given to us before thanksgiving break
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

plot
the author's arrangement of incidents in the story
conflict
a situation involving the characters; can be internal or external
internal conflict
conflict with yourself (man vs. self)
external conflict
conflict with some outside source (man vs. man, society, nature, supernatural
rising action
the part of the dramatic action that has to do with the complication of the action. begins with the inciting moment, gains interest or power as the opposing groups/ideas come into conflict, and proceeds to climax. it can also be called the complication
falling action
the second half of the dramatic plot. it follows the climax and often exhibits the winding down of the climax
climax
the turning point in the action, this crisis at which the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action
conclusion
the end of the falling action and the solution of the conflict and is not always a happy ending
exposition
the introductory material, which often creates the tone. gives the setting, introduces the characters, supplies other facts necessary for understanding
man vs. man
one human verses another (two girls fighting over a boy)
man vs. nature
human trying to survive or fight wildlife (man trying to survive in desert or fighting off a bear)
man vs. society
human verses the public (boy trying to be buff like zac efron on the front of the magazines; girl trying to be beautiful with makeup because the public says that's what real beauty is)
man vs. self
human fighting an inside feeling or feeling embarrassment. sadness, sickness, etc.
major character
most important character to the plot and is the most mentioned character
minor character
least important characters in the plot and is the least mentioned characters
flat character
those that show only one major personality trait throughout a work of literature
round character
those that show a number of major personality traits throughout a work of literature
static character
one who stays the same throughout an entire literary work. all of these characters are static
dynamic character
one that changes as the literary work progresses
protagonist
the central character in a work of literature and is the one who serves as a focus for the theme
antagonist
the source of conflict for the central character
direct characterization
from a subjective standpoint; revealed through a narrator instead of from a biased standpoint
indirect characterization
from a subjective standpoint; character traits are revealed through another character's ideas about a character. you sometimes have to look for clues that reveal the character's traits and motivations
setting
the time and place in which the action of the story occurs and can include conditions (social environment, prejudices, attributes like climate, etc.)
point of view
perspective from which the story is told
first person
narrator is a character in the story who reveals his or her feelings and thoughts in their own words. this provides biases and personal opinions in the narrator that are passed to the reader. is often the protagonist, but doesn't have to be
2nd person
it is not used often and refers to "you". it is used in certain instances like recipes
3rd objective
narrator is not a person in the story and renders explicit, observable details and does not have access to the internal thoughts of characters or background information about the setting or situation
3rd omniscient
narrator voice can render information from anywhere, including thoughts and feelings of any of the characters. it is the "all knowing" perspective. it's like looking at a story through a movie camera... show the reader what's happening in several places at once without getting close to any one character
3rd limited
the narrative voice can show what is in the minds of only a few select characters
irony
involves a contradiction between appearance and reality; has three types (verbal, situational, dramatic)
verbal irony
refers to spoken words only and occurs when a character says one thing but suggests or intends the opposite. may be confused with sarcasm; implied
dramatic irony
occurs when someone, usually the audience, has knowledge that gives additional meaning to a character's words; audience knows something that the characters do not know
situational irony
the opposite of what is expected to happen, happens. It defies logical cause/effect relationships and justifiable explanations. it is feeling a sense of being "unfair" or "unfortunate" and it makes people question whether or not it makes sense
symbol
tangible or visible while the idea it symbolizes is something meaning or universal
theme
the underlying of the story and is the universal truth. it must be ONE SENTENCE and it is a significant statement the story is making about society, human nature, or the human conditions. it may be stated (EXPLICIT) or implied (IMPLICIT)