Geometric isomers are molecules that _____.
differ in the arrangement of their atoms about a double bond
Define the characteristics of the functional group alcohol.
is highly polar and may act as a weak acid
Which chemical group is most likely to be responsible for an organic molecule behaving as a base?
How does carbon's electron configuration account for its ability to form large, complex, and diverse organic molecules?
valence of 4 electrons, strong tendency to form covalent bonds in order to fill valence, can bond to as many as 4 other carbon atoms, readily forms double bonds
How does the variations in carbon's skeleton contribute to the diversity and complexity of organic molecules?
structure relates directly to function, allowing many types of different bonds to occur
Describe the basic structure of a hydrocarbon.
C4H, double bond of 1 electron from H atom, and 1electron from valence of C
Why are hydrocarbon molecules hydrophobic?
majority of their bonds are non polar carbon-hydrogen linkages (petroleum, fats, asphalt)
Define the term geometric isomer.
have the same covalent arrangements but differ in their special arrangement