New Republic - Reconstruction
Terms in this set (45)
Washington Chosen as President
war hero; member of Congress from Virginia
US stays neutral
we stay neutral because we are too weak and can't afford
Washington's Farewell Address
Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances; not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.
1) He established a cabinet. 2) He stayed in office for only two terms
Alien and Sedition Acts and Adams
issued by Adams to stop French influence into our politics
Alien and Sedition Acts
makes it illegal to speak ill of the Government
came out of election of 1800; separate counting of electoral votes for president and vice president
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Land purchased from France doubling the size of the U.S. for $15 million; went against Jefferson's limited government policies
How did the Louisiana Purchase make a hypocrite out of Jefferson?
Jefferson uses Hamilton's bank plan to pay for it, which went against Jefferson's limited government policies
War of 1812 & Madison
Madison tried to avoid war and war hawks are pushing for war
young senators calling for war with Britain to get honor for the US
Cause of the War of 1812:
The British kidnapped American sailors and forced them to work on British ships.
national hero after victory at Battle of New Orleans
President during the Era of Good Feelings
our first real foreign policy; it warns European powers to not interfere with American affairs.
Jackson's expansion of executive power. All things President Jackson - war with the bank, Indian Affairs, Spoils System, etc
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
How did suffrage expand in the Jackson years?
land ownership is no longer required which opened it to all male citizens; caucus system
a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office
Argument between South Carolina and the federal government regarding the role of national government
Tariff of Abominations
Tax on imports, included those coming from the south. Tariff passed by Congress in 1828 that favored manufacturing in the North and was hated by the South. Calhoun resigns as VP and leads SC in the nullification issue.
An action by a state that cancels a federal law to which the state objects if they feel it's unconstitutional
gave the president power to use military force to make a state follow a law
its purpose was to create a balanced economy; north = industry and south = agriculture
replaces tobacco as main crop in the south
2nd Great Awakening
Protestant Religious movement that led to social reforms; large growth in Methodists and Baptists
stopping, restraint or moderation, especially in regards to alcohol
pays for schools with taxes
Seneca Falls Convention
the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written; Susan B. Anthony
In what ways had slavery ingrained itself into American political system?
debate on Western expansion leads to slavery expansion, abolition movement and representation in Congress
Nat Turner Rebellion
Gained national attention and furthers animosity; Rebellion in which Nat Turner led a group of slaves through Virginia in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow and kill planter families
answers the question about the representation of slave and free states in Congress; Missouri becomes a slave state; Maine becomes a free state; new states above the Mason Dixon Line are free states and states below can be slave states
someone who believed in manifest destiny
achieved when the US expands from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory. We gained the Mexican Cession.
Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and California
Different parts of the country developing unique and separate cultures (as the North, South and West). This can lead to conflict.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Compromise of 1850
Compromise was needed because CA violated Missouri Compromise. Result - (1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law
Fugitive Slave Act
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
a law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery; proposed by Stephen Douglas
Rule by the people; people decide slave state status
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln won. Led to secession of southern states.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Master 1,000 Words in English
US History 2nd Semester Exam Review
Political History 1800-1860
Social Studies Final Exam
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
French Daily Routine
French Activities & Sports
Fashion - French Words
French Vacay Words