15 terms

Final: Anatomy and Physiology Test III

Enzyme, excretory system questions in the Anatomy and Physiology Test II. Use to study for biology final.
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amylase
breaks starch into maltose
lipase
digests triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol
pepsin
digests proteins into peptides by cutting at aromatic amino acids
lysozyme
digests peptidoglycans of bacterial cell walls
peptidase
digests proteins into amino acids
proximal convoluted tube
site where glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed
liver
site of urea production
kidney
site where urea is first filtered out of the blood
ADH
increases water resorption into the blood
aldosterone
increases salt uptake into the blood. stimulates the synthesis and release of gluco corticoids and androgens by adrenal gland
glucagon and insulin
pancreatic hormones for glucose regulation
thyroxine
stimulates metabolism and mitochondrial respiration
oxytocin
hormone released by posterior pituitary that stimulates labor contraction
melatonin
monitors wake/sleep cycle
growth hormone
stimulates cell reproduction and cell growth
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