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Medieval Europe: Early Middle Ages
Terms in this set (46)
the period between ancient times and modern times, roughly from 500 to 1500 A.D.
the Latin word meaning "middle age."
physical features of its surface.
the group of people who are trained and ordained for religious services.
a secluded community where men called monks focus on prayer and scripture.
a religious community for women known as nuns.
a follower of a polytheistic religion, or a religion with more than one god.
a person who tries to convert others to a particular religion.
an especially holy person.
are the sacred rites of the Christian Church, such as baptism and communion.
the large community of Christians spread across the world.
a lesser lord who pledged his service and loyalty to the more powerful lord.
an estate that a powerful lord granted to a vassal.
warriors mounted on horseback.
a code of conduct which required knights to be brave, loyal, and generous.
the agricultural estate of a medieval lord.
peasants who were legally bound to the lords land. They were not slaves, but they were not free. They could not leave the manor without the lord's permission.
He united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages. He spent his reign working to expand his empire, spread Christianity, preserve ancient knowledge, and support education.
Charlemagne was crowned by Pope Leo III as the first Holy Roman emperor during this year?
Pope Leo III
Showed his thanks for protection by crowning Charlemagne emperor.
Most of Europe's early cities developed near ___________.
What period of time is covered by the Middle Ages?
King, Nobles, Knights, Peasants
List the roles of society in Feudal Europe starting with the most powerful to the least powerful.
What did lords grant to vassals?
Charlemagne worked with the Catholic Church to _______________ throughout his empire.
This system_____________ brought social and political order to Europe.
About 529, an Italian monk developed a structured way of monastic life with regulations known as ___________________.
One important early missionary named __________________ converted Irish pagans to Christianity.
Which group made up the majority of the medieval population?
Daily life in most parts of medieval Europe revolved around the Catholic _________.
The Catholic Church's control over the ________________ was a powerful tool in keeping its authority in medieval Europe.
who had the authority to choose bishops
What were the majority of the disagreements between popes and kings over?
Which member of the Medieval Church worked most closely with the common people?
it gave the pope more political power
Why was the crowning of Charlemagne a significant event?
Who was the most secular (non-religious) leader of the Holy Roman Empire?
compromise between the king and pope
What was the Concordat of Worms?
pope, cardinals, archbishops, bishops, priests, monks and nuns.
List the ranks of the Catholic Church hierarchy starting with the most powerful to the least powerful.
can no longer be part of the church
What happens when a person has been excommunicated?
Pope Gregory VII and King Henry IV
This pope and ruler had a disagreement about who could appoint church officials.
Term meaning having to do with the authority of the pope
system that described economic and political relations between landlords and their peasant laborers during the Middle Ages
Which group's main role in feudal society was to protect the lord?
control over the sacraments
One of the Catholic Church's most powerful tools in maintaining its authority in medieval Europe.
The separation of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church (1054 CE)
Roman Catholic Christianity
dominant religion in Western Europe that is headed by the Pope in Rome
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
A branch of Christianity that developed in the Byzantine Empire and that did not recognize the Pope as its supreme leader
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