Chapter 2: City-States in Mesopotamia
Terms in this set (35)
arc of rich farmland in southwest Asia between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea
the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
political unit much like an independent country
series of rulers from the same family
new ideas spreading from one culture to another
belief in many gods
peoples, nations, or independent states under control of one ruler
babylonian ruler famous for his code of laws
marshy area at the mouth of a river
king of Upper Egypt who united Upper and Lower Egypt
egyptian ruler thought of as a god
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure
resting place for Egyptian kings after death
process by which a body is preserved after death
egyptian writing system
plant used to make a paper-like writing material
land mass that is a distinct part of a continent
ancient settlements in the Indus River Valley
animal bone used by ancient Chinese priest to communicate with the gods
mandate of heaven
divine approval of the ruler
pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of dynasties
a political system in which nobles, or lords, are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king
how was Sumerian society organized?
into social classes, as it goes, priests and kings, wealthy merchants, workers in-field, slaves
how was egyptian society organized?
upper were pharaohs/family
middle: merchants, people who worked in crafts
name two reasons why indus valley civilization may have ended
the indus river may have changed its course, the soil may have gradually become too poor to farm, or due to an earthquake
why did china develop apart from other cultures?
China's mountains and deserts as well as oceans kept it isolated
in Sumer, what was a city-state
it was a political division. It controlled an area and could act independently
what did sargon and hammurabi have in common?
both built empires in the area of sumer.
name the three effects of the nile on the life and culture of ancient egypt
the nile created boundaries of upper and lower egypt. its floods provided rich soil, it took on godlike dimensions for Egyptians
how were Indus Valley cities constructed
the cities were laid out on a grid. They had citadel for protection. They had systems for carrying water and sewage
what is a dynastic cycle, and where did it occur?
this is a cycle in which dynasties rise and fall and are replaced by new ones. this occurred in china until 1900s
describe the impact of the environment on river valley civilizations
the environments included rivers that flooded and brought destruction; silt for farming, Deserts isolated some civilizations
explain the important of family in early chinese culture
the family was the most important part of society in china. respect for parents was important. the family also played a central role in Chinese religions; ancestors were both worshiped and consulted
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