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Psych chp 14/15
Terms in this set (38)
The patterns of feelings, motives, and behavior that set people apart from one another.
An aspect of personality that is considered to be reasonably stable.
The psychologist who suggested that traits can be inherited and are fixed in the nervous system.
The tendency to go along with what other people want.
The psychologist who proposed two personality dimensions: introversion-extroversion and stability-instability.
The psychologist who proposed the "inner conflict" approach to personality theory.
According to freud, the structure of the mind that demands instant gratification.
According to Freud, the structure of the mind that demands morality.
Defense mechanism that removes anxiety-causing ideas from conscious awareness by pushing them into the unconscious.
Defense mechanism in which a person refuses to accept the reality of anything that is bad.
According to Freud, the first stage of psychological development.
The psychiatrist who proposed the idea of the collective unconscious.
A store of human concepts shared by all people across all cultures.
Ideas and images of the accumulated expierience of all human beings.
The psychologist who believed that people are basically motivated by a need to overcome feelings of inferiority.
The psychologist who proposed an eight stage theory of psychosocial development.
The personality theory that teaches that environmental forces shape peoples behavior.
The use of reinforcers to influence people to perform socially desirable behaviors.
The personality theory that focuses on learning by observation and on the role of cognitive processes that produce individual differences.
The approach to personality development that maintains that people are free to make concious choices and are responsible for their choices.
The psychologist that believed that people wish to reach their full potential but must follow individual paths to do so.
A view of oneself as an individual.
The psychologist who developed the self theory, which asserts that people have a need for consistency between their self-concepts and their expieriences.
The belief in oneself, or self-respect
The process of adapting to a new or different culture.
____________ asses abilities, feelings, attitudes, and behaviors.
Using ______________, observers measure behavior by checking off each occurence of a specific behavior within a certain amount of time.
A ____________ is one that is administered and scored the same way every time it is used.
The two most widely used intelligence tests are the ____________ and the ____________.
When a person recieves similar scores on the same test taken on different occasions, that test is said to have____________.
To avoid the effects of distortion on a test, psychological tests have _____________ built into them.
The established standards of performanceon a test are called the____________.
Tests that measure peoples skills and the knowledge they have in specific academic areas are ______________.
A _______________ is used to determine whether a person is likely to do well in a given field of work or study.
Vocational intrest iventories
Tests that determine whether people have intrests similair to those people in various lines of work are called__________.
A test with a _____________ is one in which the test taker must choose one of the answers, even if none of them seem to fit his or her intrests precisely.
Strong Cambell intrest survey
The ___________ is a test that compares the test takers intrests with the intrests if people who enjoy and are successful in various kinds of work.
Psychologists use ________________________ to help diagnose psychological problems or disorders.