Terms in this set (128)
The postmodern view incorporates all of the following concepts except for the notion that
Reality is objectively defined
In the view of the postmodern therapist, the most essential element of therapy is
The collaborative therapeutic relationship
All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for
Using the reflecting team
All are true of solution focused brief therapists except that they
Focus on the clients early childhood experiences
In the solution oriented approach which is not considered one of the three basic parts to the structure of summary feedback?
Which of the following is false as it applies to the practice of solution focused brief therapy?
Using techniques in therapy is a way discounting a clients capacity to find his or her own way
The role of the leader In solution focused therapy is NOT
To provide clients with simple solutions to their problems
Which of these solution focused therapy techniques involves asking clients to describe times I their lives when they were able to solve their problem or when their problem was less severe
Soliton focused brief therapy had parallels with ____, which concentrates on what is right and what is working for people rather than dwelling on deficits, weakness, and problems
From a social constructionist perspective, change begins with
Deconstructing the power of cultural narratives
Of the following what is an interest that social constructionists tend to share
Generating new meaning in the lives of individuals
Narrative therapists pay attention to "sparkling events" these are
Events that contradict problem saturated narratives
Narrative therapist attempt to do all of the following except
Encourage free association
A limitation of the postmodern approaches is
Inexperience therapists may over rely on techniques and appear mechanistic
Which is Not a major contribution of the postmodern approaches
Research on these approaches is considered empirically generalizable
The founder(s) of narrative therapy
Michael white and David epston
Which family therapist made use of innovative interventions such as metaphor, reframing, rules for interaction, parts party, family reconstructions family sculpting and family maps?
Adler was first to notice the development of children. Within family constellations. Was heavily influenced by
Postmodern thought has contributed to family therapy by
Promoting the therapists view of clients as the experts on their own lives
The concept of triangulation is most associated with
What is the technique in family therapy that casts a new light on a problem and provides a different interpretation for a problematic situation
A major contribution of bowens therapy is the notion of
Differentiation of the self
Which are a key roles of most family therapists
A tool for collecting and organizing key relationships in a three generational extended family is a
Which of the following is least associated with Satir's human validation process model
Storied lives and narratives
Triangles in family relationships serve which of the following functions
To reduce anxiety and emotional tension in relationships
A major contribution of Whitakers approach to family therapy is
Spontaneity, creativity and play as therapeutic factors in family therapy
____ views the counselor and therapist as an observer who is outside of the system can assess what is going on, and can promote change- all without ever becoming part of the system
First order cybernetics
She spends her days taking care of their children while he goes to work, and feels increasingly depressed without her support system. It is likely that a family therapist
Would be very interested I how her depressions affects others in the family and how it influences family process
Which approach asserts that emotional fusion to ones family must be addressed if one hopes to achieve a mature and unique personality
Bowenian family therapy
The opposite of a differentiated self is experienced as
Which approach would be most interested in the appropriates of hierarchical structure in the family
Structural family therapy
Family atmosphere family constellation and mistaken goals are key concepts of
Adlerian family therapy
four goals of children's misbehavior include
Attention getting, power struggle revenge and assumed disability
Adlerian family therapy strives to ____ as its goal
Established and support parents as effective leaders of the family
The therapy goals of promoting growth self esteem and connection and helping family members achieve congruent communication and interaction are most associated with which theory of family therapy
Satirs human validation process model
The solution focused approach was originally designed as a brief model of psychotherapy
Social constructionist believe that knowledge is time and culture bound and our ways of understanding are not necessarily better than other ways
In narrative therapy the role of the client is to create explore and co author his or her evolving story
The linguistic approach stresses the expert Rolf of the therapist in suggesting solutions to a family's problems
Bowens multigenerational approach stressed techniques more than it does theory
The goal of structural family therapy is to break down any hierarchical structure and replace it with equal relationships among all family members
Strategic therapists do not rely on therapy techniques to bring about change but instead give more stress to the therapists relationship with a family
Family systems therapy can be used when working with individual clients
According to Haley, who the therapist is as a person is far more important than specific intervention techniques
In experiential therapy, techniques are secondary to the relationship that the therapist is able to establish with the family
Joining, accommodation and boundary making are technique likely to be used by structural family therapist
Strategic therapist emphasize the value of therapist interpretation exploring unresolved issues from the past and insight
Sandra is a reality therapist who is meeting her client Paul, who struggles with career indecision for the first time. How might she begone her work with Paul?
By asking Paul what he wants from therapy
Reality therapy is best describes as
A short term therapy that stresses doing
WDEP stands for
Wants. Doing. Self evaluation Planning
Which of the following is not a component of total behavior
The function of the reality therapist is
To assist clients in dealing with the present
Wubboding believes all of the following encourage the clients involvement in therapy except for
Allowing the client to focus on symptoms
In reality therapy the counseling environment is
Characterized by a therapeutic climate that establishes the foundation for implementing
Which methods are often used in really therapy
Exploring a clients quality world
The use of questioning
Behavior oriented methods
Desiring an action plan
Which if the following procedures would a reality therapist be least likely to employ
Reliving an early childhood event
Which of the following is not a function of the reality therapist
Focusing on areas in the clients life that need improvement so that he or she can achieve a success identity
All of the following are true about planning and commitment in reality therapy except
A great deal of time is spent on this step of reality therapy
Reality therapy is based on which of the following orientations to understanding human behavior
Reality therapists are likely to deal with all if the following except for
Asking clients to recall report and share dreams
A reality therapist will primarily focus on
When reality therapist explore a clients past they tend to focus on
In reality therapy when a clients fails to Carry out their plans the therapist will
Challenge the clients to accept the reasonable consequences of his or her behavior
Which if the following is a contribution if reality therapy
It provides a structure for both clients and therapist to evaluate the degree and the nature of changes
Reality therapy rests on the central idea that
We choose our behavior and are responsible for what we do think and feel
Glasser would agree with all of the following conclusions except:
We are most likely to change if we are threatened by punishment.
A limitation of this approach as it applies to multicultural counseling is:
oppressed clients may have little choice over their circumstances.
All of the following are procedures that are commonly used in reality therapy except:
exploring early recollections
All of the following are key characteristics of contemporary reality therapy except for:
c. There is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy.
In working with Japanese clients, a reality therapist might do which of the following when asking clients to make plans and commit to them?
The therapist might be likely to accept "I'll try" as a firm commitment.
From the perspective of feminist therapy, the socialization of women inevitably affects their
a. identity development.
b. goals and aspirations.
d. emotional well-being.
What do the four feminist philosophies (liberal, cultural, radical, and socialist feminism) have in common?
the same goal of activism
Stephanie, who believes strongly in feminist principles, is working in an agency that requires therapists to diagnose their clients using the DSM. Stephanie is likely to consider which of the following questions?
Who benefits from using this label? How might this label contribute to disempowering the person to whom it is assigned?
Which of the feminist principles views the therapist as simply another source of information, rather than as the expert in the therapy process?
The counseling relationship is egalitarian.
Which of the following feminist principles recognizes the importance of working against oppression and discrimination on the basis of race, class, culture, religious beliefs, sexual orientation, age, and disability?
All types of oppression are recognized
Which of the following feminist principles implies that what has been typically viewed as individual clients' personal problems are really socially and politically caused?
The person is political.
All of the following are goals of feminist therapy except for:
resolving intrapsychic conflicts from early childhood.
Which of the following themes would clients in feminist therapy be least likely to explore
transference reactions toward their therapist
After having a bad therapeutic experience with a mental health professional who pathologized her anxiety over financial issues, Lillian decided to consult with a feminist therapist. How is her new therapist likely to view her anxiety symptoms?
as a sign of distress rather than psychopathology
Of the following, which intervention would a feminist therapist probably consider most essential?
All of the following are reasons many feminist therapists do not use diagnostic labels, or use them reluctantly, except that:
diagnostic labels focus on the social factors that cause dysfunctional behavior.
The preferred alternative to traditional diagnosis and assessment of feminist therapists is:
gender role analysis.
Which of the following interventions involves a shift from "blaming the victim" to consideration of social factors in the environment that contribute to a client's problem
All of the following strategies are unique to feminist therapy except for:
a. cognitive restructuring.
Of the following, which is not an assumption shared by the cognitive behavioral and feminist therapy approaches?
assuming that the therapeutic relationship alone is necessary and sufficient to bring about change
Who is most noted for her contributions to the development of feminist therapy?
A feminist therapist is likely to become an advocate for change in the social structure by arguing for:
a. the right to an education.
b. the right to self-determination.
c. the freedom to pursue a career outside the home.
d. equality in power in relationships.
Of the following, which is one of the major contributions that feminists have made to the field of counseling?
a. paving the way for gender-sensitive practice
Which of these statements is not true about lesbian feminism?
Queer theory and lesbian theory are identical
The constructs of feminist theory, in contrast to traditional theories, include all of the following except for which characteristic?
The relational-cultural theory emphasizes the vital role:
a. that relationships and connectedness with others play in the lives of women.
The feminist perspectives on the development of personality:
a. recognize the inextricable connection between internal and external worlds.
b. encompass the diversity and complexity of women's lives.
c. attend to the ways in which diversity influences self-structures.
d. acknowledge the political and social oppression of women.
Which of the following principles of feminist psychology is most aimed at advancing a transformation in society
Commitment to social change
During the past 20 years ____ have found classic feminist theories wanting and have offered new theoretical perspectives focused on issues of diversity, the complexity of sexism, and the centrality of social context in understanding gender issues
A limit of the feminist approach from a diversity perspective is:
a. the tendency to impose upon a client personal values that may not be consistent with the client's cultural framework.
Which of the following is not considered one of the six core principles of feminist therapy?
an intrapsychic orientation
Feminist therapists reject:
c. the androcentric view.
Reality therapy is not well-suited to group counseling.
Glasser believes the need to love and to belong are secondary needs.
According to reality therapists, we are not born blank slates waiting to be externally motivated by forces in the world around us.
Glasser's more recent writings give more emphasis to a noncritical, nonjudgmental, and accepting attitude on the therapist's part.
Reality therapy sees transference as a way for the therapist to avoid getting personally involved in the clients' lives.
The core of reality therapy is developing a plan for change as a way of translating talk into action.
The first step in the process of reality therapy consists of a comprehensive assessment leading to a specific diagnosis.
Reality therapists refuse to accept excuses.
Reality therapy tends to be a long-term approach.
Therapeutic contracts are frequently used in reality therapy.
Reality therapy is basically active, directive, practical, didactic, cognitive, and behavioral.
Choice theory is based on the assumption that people are in charge of their own destiny.
Reality therapists maintain that clients will not change unless they assume a self-critical attitude.
Glasser recommends that therapists look back for the causes of a client's present failures.
A main function of the reality therapist is to encourage clients to assess their behavior to determine how well it is working for them.
Reality therapy is often used in treating drug and alcohol abusers.
It is the job of the reality therapist to convey the idea that no matter how bad things are there is hope.
Robert Wubbolding stresses the importance of an engaging therapeutic environment.
Reality therapy has strong empirical support.
Feminist therapists do not tend to engage in self-disclosure because of their concern over unduly influencing the client.
Feminist therapists restrict their practices to women clients.
Feminist therapists work to demystify the counseling relationship.
Bibliotherapy is frequently used in feminist therapy.
Gender-free theories explain differences in the behavior of women and men on the basis of true natures, rather than on learning.
Heterosexism views a heterosexual orientation as normative and desirable, and devalues same-sex life styles.
Today's feminists believe that gender can be considered separately from other identity areas such as race, ethnicity, class, and sexual orientation.
The contemporary version of feminist therapy and the multicultural and social justice approaches to counseling practice have a great deal in common.
Empowerment is a central tenet of feminist psychotherapy.
Feminist therapy is a technically integrative approach that stresses tailoring interventions to meet clients with their strengths.
Historically, feminist psychotherapy groups were a vehicle for consciousness-raising.