Music History Exam 1
Terms in this set (68)
Plucked String Instrument
Ancient Greek reed instrument, usually played in pairs.
"The power of music" the right kind of music can make the right kind of person.
First theorist, came up with consonances
Wrote De institutione musica, The principles of music
Having a key note on the fourth scale step
One note per syllable
1-5 notes per syllable
More than five notes
Held eight services each day
Communion, body and blood of christ
Used every week, set music by composer.
Used on special occasions
Guido of Arezzo
Discovered Micrologus, earliest guide for staff notation. Came up with hand signs, and solfege.
Ut Queant Laxis
Used solfege, written by guido
Menomic device used to assist singers with sight singing. Pointed to hand to represent syllables.
Adding music to a prexisting chant.
Music Added to a proper
Written by Hildegard Von Bingen
Victimae Paschali Laudes
Sequence for Easter Sunday Mass
Secular, Monophonic, Theme of courtly love, written in south France
Courtly Love, written in North France
First surviving musical handbook 860-900
Cathedral that Leonin and Perotin lived in.
Magnus Liber Organi
12th and 13th centuries, compilation of rhythmic modes, medieval music written by leonin and perotin.
Came after Leonin
Short sacred music, typically polyphonic. Added new words to discant Clausula.
Franco of Cologne
"Ars Cantus" Came up with Brev's, Franconian Noptation, wrote Motet's
Melody shared between lines
Duple Meter, Time signature
Roman de Fauvel
Manuscript de Fauvel
Phillipe de Vitry
Wrote "Ars Nova", added minim to note values
Musical technique using a repeated rhythmic pattern and notes
Repeated rhythmic pattern
Sequence of repeated notes, typically in the tenor
Ballade, Rondeau, Virelai
Messe de Notre Dame
Earliest complete setting of the ordinary mass. Composede by Guillame de Machaut
Machaut's embellishments, notation and rhythmic
Two voices in cannon often has non canotic third part.
of the 1300's
Jacopo da Bologna
Caccia's and Madrigals
And over 100 ballatas
Power of Music in the role of Aristotle
Mirrored harmony of cosmos, influenced health and behavior. The right kind of music could make the right kind of person.
Eight Modes, range, final, tenor
1. Dorian - D-d - D - A
2. Hypodorian - A-a - D - F
3. Phrygian - E-e - E - C
4. Hypophrygian - B-b - E - A
5. Lydian - F-f - F - C
6. Hypolydian - C-c - F - A
7. Mixolydian - G-g - G - D
8. Hypomixolydian - D-d - G - C
Semi Breve - Diamond
Breve - Cube
Longa - Cube with stem to the right
Maxima - Longer rectangle
Dufay's Nuper Rosarum Flores
Talea - Repeated rhythmic pattern
Color - Repeated notes
2 Tenor parts representing dome
Guillaume de Machaut
Most important composer of his time
Wrote Isorhythmic motets
Worked with formas fixes
Organum where two parts are moving in parallel motion. (Fourths and fifths)
Phrases begin and end together, but split in the middle.
Contrary Motion, chant is in the bottom voice
Top voice is melismatic, bottom voice is held.
Upper is duple, tenor is cantus firmus.
Take organum and add rhythmic modes
Ars nova time signatures