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Vocabulary words from Section 1 of Science Explorer: Earth's Changing Surface, Chapter 1 - Mapping Earth's Surface


The shape of the land.


Features of topography formed by the processes that shape Earth's surface.


The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area.


The height above sea level of a point on Earth's surface.

landform region

A large area of land where the topography is made up mainly of one type of landform.


An area of land with high elevation and low relief.


A flat area of land found at lower elevations and having low relief.


A landform structure having both high elevation and high relief.


An area of low elevation found between areas of high elevation typically with low relief.

mountain range

A group of mountains.

mountain system

A group of mountain ranges.

mountain belt

A group of mountain systems and ranges.

coastal plain

An area of low elevation and low relief found near the shoreline.

interior plain

An area having varying elevation and low relief.


An area of higher elevation that is often hilly.


A flat area of land close to sea level.

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