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15 terms

Heart Sounds

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Normal Heart Sounds at Aortic Area
S2 louder than S1
Normal Heart Sounds at Pulmonic Area
S2 louder than S1, Split S2 on inspiration, A2 before P2
Normal Heart Sounds at Tricuspid Area
Fixed splitting of S1, S1 louder than S2
Normal Heart Sounds at Mitral Area
S3 (ok in kids and hyperkinetic states but pathologic in elderly-- volume overload)
Aortic Stenosis
Loud at aortic area, Systolic murmur, S4 at mitral
Aortic Regurgitation
Diastolic murmur, heard best over aortic area
Mitral Stenosis
Diastolic murmur, WHEEZING
Ventricular Septal Defect
Systolic Murmur, heard best over tricuspid area
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Systolic Murmur, ONLY at tricuspid and loudest over mitral area
Pericarditis
Washing machine agitator heard best at pulmonic area
Pulmonary Stenosis
Systolic Murmur, heard best over pulmonic area, NO S4 @ MITRAL AREA!!
Innocent Murmur
Pulmonic area keeps its split and this is a little lower
Summation Gallop
Mitral Area, sounds like a horse
S4
Mitral area just before S1
PDA/Mechanical
Pulmonic area "big blowing hurricane"