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Context has a profound influence on style. Artworks are very much a product of ___
their culture at a moment in time
____ creates the illusion of roundness or three dimensionality through the use of light and shadow on a two-dimensional surface
The transition to oil paint in the 14th and 15th centuries was gradual. For many years, it was only used for ____ in order to give the paintings a high sheen
The first photographic process to leave a permanent image was invented in 1826 and known as ____
According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to ___
prompt the viewer to think and think again
Site-specific works are distinguished from other artworks in that they are produced ____
in or for one location
The prehistoric Stonehenge is one of the earliest examples of ____ construction, in which two stones were set vertically and a third stone laid across them, creating an opening beneath.
Originally a derisive term, ____ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions of homes and small buildings on site
One of the earliest and most famous "fertility" figurines from the Paleolithic period is the ____
Venus of Willendorf
The art and architecture of the Mycenaean civilization reflects a preoccupation with ____ because, unlike Crete, it lacked the natural defense of a surrounding sea
arms and fortification
The ancient Greeks considered themselves to be the center of the universe or "the measure of all things," a concept known as ___
Myron's Discobolos or Discus Thrower is representative of the most significant development in Early Classical art: the introduction of ____
implied movement in sculpture
Praxiteles' Hermes and Dionysos, from the Late Classical period, depicts a graceful and naturalistic body stance, called the ____, and an increased emphasis on ____
S-curve; emotional expression
The two most significant innovations in building design introduced by the Romans were the ____, which made construction of the Pantheon possible
arch and concrete
In St. Sernin, the ceiling structure is a stone barrel vault, which was necessary for ___
Academics generally agree that the Gothic style of architecture began in 1140 with the construction of the choir of ___
Considered a true Renaissance man, ____ excelled in engineering, the natural sciences, anatomy, music, and technological prototypes, not to mention creating some of the world's best loved paintings
Leonardo da Vinci
In his Creation of Adam scene from the Sistine Chapel ceiling, Michelangelo created the most ____ in the history of art as God reached out to spark life into Adam
dramatic negative space
The Baroque era was born in ____, at least in part as a reaction to the spread of Protestantism resulting from the ____
For The Conversion of St. Paul, Caravaggio selected the models in his painting from ____
After Martin Luther's Reformation, Dutch artists painted scenes of daily life, whereas Flemish artists ___
continued painting religious and mythological scenes as in Baroque Italy
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