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Buddhists believe that the ultimate goal in life is to achieve "enlightenment" as they perceive it. Founder:siddhartha 3 main branches : mahyana(believes gods and godess) , theravada(the old teaching), tantrayana (magic and diff meditation technique)
the belief that cultural influences determine the behaviors and personalities of people
usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people; branches off of a language
minor branch, 12 percent, split from Roman Catholicism in the 11th century, strong in Eastern Europe and Russia
view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
culture usually practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
folk culture region
an area where many people who live in a land space share at least some traditions or customs
culture system that intertwines with location and environmental circumstances to form a geographic region
spread of an idea from nodes of authority or power to persons or places with less power
religion practiced by majority of India,Hindus believe in a universal soul and God called Brahman who takes on many forms that some Hindus worship as gods or goddesses.
Indo-European language family
language family spoken in most of Europe and areas of European settlement and in much of southwestern and southern Asia
monotheistic religion practiced mainly in Middle East. two branches sunni and shietes. disagreement over rightful successor. sunni beleived succesor should be voted by religious leader and shites believed it should be a family of Muhammad. (muslum)
first monotheistic religion started in Israel(ethnic religion). Christianity and islam have roots in judiasm. jesus was a jew and muhammed traced his ancestor to abraham.
economic and political theories that say human actions and institutions are economically determined
when an innovation originates somewhere and enjoys strong-but brief-adoption, loses strength at origin by the time it reaches another area
language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of busines and publication of documents
split from catholic church in 16th century, divided into hundreds of denominations; strong in north america
branches, denominations, sects
large and general divisions
small divisions that branch off of the branches
even smaller groups
form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
diffusion in which one people receives a culture element from another but gives it a new and unique form
The Buddhist yana whose path is the transformation of neurotically confused emotions into their enlightened equivalents.
declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
cultural borowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
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