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43 terms

chapter 15

Society and Economy under the Old Regime in the Eighteenth Century
STUDY
PLAY
by 1800, London's population was around what?
1 million
Old Regime
The term Old Regime applies specifically to the system of government known as political absolutism with the growing bureaucracies and aristocratically led armies.
Hierarchy and Privilege
medieval sense of rank and degree.
Sumptuary laws
regulated dress laws in a society
Aristocrats
Nobles with land
Aristocracy
1-5% of a population. Wealthiest sector. Large influence on political and economic power.
Peerage (Eng.)
this is right to sit in the House of Lords and to inherit a father's land was reserved for the eldest son (england)
Nobles of the sword (Fra.)
nobility derived from military service (france)
Nobles of the Robe (Fra.)
nobility who acquired titles either by serving in the bureaucracy or by having them purchased. (france)
Hobereaux
provincial nobility. Lesser nobles, but better off than peasants.
taille (france)
land tax (france)
szlachta
polish nobles, right of life and death over serfs, and were exempt from taxes
Russian Nobility
__________ nobility based off of the Table of Ranks.
Aristocratic Resurgence
European-wide reaction by the nobility to maintain status amidst threat of expanding power of the monarchs.
land
the power and status of nobility was _______
Banalties
feudal dues that the French peasantry were forced to pay.
barshchina
the right of Russian lord to demand 6 days of work from their serfs.
cift
it is a turkish word to describe the lords domain in the ottoman empire
Emelyan Pugachev promised serfs land of their own and freedom from lords. Southern Russia was in turmoil until government brutally suppressed the rebellion.
Pugachev's rebellion and how did the gov't deal with it?
Aristocratic hunting laws
they manipulated eng. legislation and claimed exclusive right to hunt game, but would not allow peasants to. This describes:
higglers
they were merchants who operated ilegal enterprises by purchasing stolen meat from the countryside and villages
family economy
this term is described by the household in pre-industrial europe was the basic unit of production and consumption
nuclear
normal western families were nuclear or extended?
extended
In eastern europe, was the family nuclear or extended?
economic necessity
marriage for a woman was a(n):
the netherlands
Agricultural revolution began in
Jethro Tull
he used iron plows to plant wheat by drill rather than casting seeds
Charles 'Turnip" Townshend
he instituted the practice of crop rotation using barely, turnips, and clovers. this increased amount of livestock
Robert Bakewell
he pioneered new methods of animal breeding that produced more and better animals with more meat and milk for the family
Arthur Young
hespread ideas of Robert Bakewell all throughout Europe. he Edited Annals of Agriculture
Enclosure
this term describes the communal decision regarding what crops to plant, and where. This disrupted small communities. This was bad for small farmers.
industrial revolution
this term describes an era which instituted change and ideas that caused sustained growth of the western world through the present.
England
who led the revolution?
fashion and taste
London was the center of:
legally approved by parliament
Britains taxes
Spinning Jenny
Created by James Hargreaves, it allowed 120 spindles to spun simultaneously.
Water Frame
Created by Richard Arkwright. permitted production of a purely cotton fabric
power loom
Created by Edward Cartwright, he designed what?
steam engine
invented by james watt. This ran textile factories and could be easily located in urban areas
Thomas Newcomen
he invented first practical steam engine, but it was modified to be better by james watt.
Henry Court
this man created a new method for melting and stirring molten ore which extracted more impurities
the significance of women in the workforce
industrial revolution decreased what social group and how?
Jews of the Old Regime
they were welcomed into a gentile society upon conversion to christianity.