The term Old Regime applies specifically to the system of government known as political absolutism with the growing bureaucracies and aristocratically led armies.
1-5% of a population. Wealthiest sector. Large influence on political and economic power.
this is right to sit in the House of Lords and to inherit a father's land was reserved for the eldest son (england)
Nobles of the Robe (Fra.)
nobility who acquired titles either by serving in the bureaucracy or by having them purchased. (france)
European-wide reaction by the nobility to maintain status amidst threat of expanding power of the monarchs.
Emelyan Pugachev promised serfs land of their own and freedom from lords. Southern Russia was in turmoil until government brutally suppressed the rebellion.
Pugachev's rebellion and how did the gov't deal with it?
Aristocratic hunting laws
they manipulated eng. legislation and claimed exclusive right to hunt game, but would not allow peasants to. This describes:
they were merchants who operated ilegal enterprises by purchasing stolen meat from the countryside and villages
this term is described by the household in pre-industrial europe was the basic unit of production and consumption
Charles 'Turnip" Townshend
he instituted the practice of crop rotation using barely, turnips, and clovers. this increased amount of livestock
he pioneered new methods of animal breeding that produced more and better animals with more meat and milk for the family
hespread ideas of Robert Bakewell all throughout Europe. he Edited Annals of Agriculture
this term describes the communal decision regarding what crops to plant, and where. This disrupted small communities. This was bad for small farmers.
this term describes an era which instituted change and ideas that caused sustained growth of the western world through the present.
invented by james watt. This ran textile factories and could be easily located in urban areas
he invented first practical steam engine, but it was modified to be better by james watt.
this man created a new method for melting and stirring molten ore which extracted more impurities
the significance of women in the workforce
industrial revolution decreased what social group and how?