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10 terms

AP Psych Vocab 42

Monday, December 2nd, 2013 | Week 15
STUDY
PLAY
Sensorimotor Stage
piaget's first stage (0-2 years) during which the infant experiences the world through senses and action patters progresses from reflexes to object permanence and symbolic thinking
Preoperational Stage
piaget's second stage of cognitive development (2-7 years) during which the child represents and manipulates objects with symbols and is egocentric
Egocentrism
seeing the world from one's own perspective; the inability to see reality from the perspective of another person
Animism
belief of a pre operational child that all things are living
Artificialism
the belief of the pre operational child that all objects are made by people
Concrete Operational Stage
piaget's third stage of cognitive development (7-12 years) during which the child develops simple logic and masters conservation concepts
Conservation Concepts
changes in the form of an object do not alter physical properties of mass, volume, and number
Formal Operational Stages
piaget's fourth stage of cognitive development (12+ years) during which the child begins to think logically about abstract concepts and engages in hypothetical thinking
Internalization
the process of absorbing information from a specified social environmental context
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
the range between the level at which a child can solve a problem working alone with difficulty, and the level at which a child can solve a problem with the assistance of adults or more-skilled children