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Language

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Creole
a person of mixed European and black descent, esp. in the Caribbean.
Dialect
a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
Indo European Languages
a family of several hundred related languages and dialects. There are about 439 languages and dialects, according to the 2009 Ethnologue estimate,
Isogloss
a line on a dialect map marking the boundary between linguistic features.
Language family
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family
Language Group
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family
Lingua Franca
a language that is adopted as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different.
Linguistic Diversity
expressed in several languages
Monolingual
speaking only one language.
Multilingual
in or using several languages.
Official Language
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically a country's official language refers to the language used within its government.
Pidgin
a grammatically simplified form of a language, used for communication between people not sharing a common language. Pidgins have a limited vocabulary, some elements of which are taken from local languages, and are not native languages, but arise out of language contact between speakers of other languages.
Protolanguage
A hypothetical undocumented parent language from which actual languages are derived.
Toponymy
the study of place needs