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12 terms

Chapter 20 Terms

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European Family Life 1753-1815
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17th Century Marriage Patterns
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Extended Family
A family with several generations living in one household which might include grandparents, parents, children, and sometimes uncles, aunts, and cousins
Wet-nursing
The hiring of a servant, often with little or no contract, to nurse the child of the hiring, and more wealthy family at the expense of her own newly born child. This became a very wide-spread and flourishing business all over Europe in the 18th century. The nurses needed the money that many upper class women would gladly provide for the freedom from such a tiring and unsightly chore as nursing.
Killing nurses
Many of the wet-nurses hired in the 18th century were accused of such things as giving an upper-class baby their bad traits, or even killing a baby quickly while nursing it so she could move on to another family's child and collect another payment. These nurses, who may or may not have been intentionally killing the babies were called killing nurses all over 18th century Europe.
Infanticide
Act of killing an infant
Just price
The medieval idea that prices should be fair, protecting both consumers and producers. Government makes decrees if necessary.
Purging
An attempt to rid the body of unwanted food by vomiting or other compensatory means, such as excessive exercise, fasting, or laxative abuse.
Jesuits
A religious order known as the Society of Jesus, created to strengthen support of the Church during the Counter-Reformation. Founded by Ignatius de Loyola in 1534, these "soldiers of the Counter-Reformation" were committed to doing good deeds in order to achieve salvation.
Methodists
Founded by John Wesley, organized a "Holy Club" for students at Oxford, methodical in their devotion
Carnival
16th century festival tradition involving feasts and carousing preceding Lent
Blood Sports
Popular with the eighteenth-century European masses, events such as bull-baiting and cockfighting that involved inflicting violence and bloodshed on animals.