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Medical Model

Disorders be diagnosed and cured


Medical name for abnormal disorders

Biopsychosocial Model

Diagnosing a disorder


Used to diagnose disorders and contains the five axes

Five Axes

Clinical Syndromes, Personality disorders and mental Retardation, General Medical Conditions, Environmental Factors, GAF Score how you feel

Concerns About Diagnosing

Stigma associated with it
Tendency to over diagnose
Confusion between actual disorder and normal everyday life events


Loss of awareness from reality

Dissociative Amnesia

Loss of memory of some event

Dissociative Fugue

Loss of awareness from oneself

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Person takes on more than one distinct personality

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

In which a person is unexplainably and continually tense and uneasy

Panic Disorder

In which a person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread


In which a person feels irrationally and intensely afraid of a specific object or situation

Obsessive compulsive Disorder

In which a person is troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

In which a person has lingering memories, nightmares, and other symptoms for weeks after a severely threatening, uncontrollable event


Preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations often with themes of persecution or grandiosity


Disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion


Immobility(or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrot like repeating of another's speech or movements


Many and varied symptoms


Withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have dissapeared

Somatoform Disorders

Psychological disorders in which the symptoms take a somatic form without apparent physical cause

Conversion Disorder

In which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found


A somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease


A physchological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms : extreme inatention , hyperactivity and: impulsitivity

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