A veteran of the War of 1812, senator and diplomat, the "Father of Popular Sovereignty," Whig candidate in 1848
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine
12th President of the United States; general in Mexican War who led the battle over the disputed territory around the Rio Grande River
John C. Calhoun
Formerly Jackson's vice-president, later a South Carolina senator. He said the North should grant the South's demands and keep quiet about slavery to keep the peace. He was a spokesman for the South and states' rights.
Democratic president in 1856 who supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Old Fuss and Feathers, marched on Mexico City in 1847, considered to be the ablest general of his generation
Martin Van Buren
Advocated lower tariffs and free trade, and by doing so maintained support of the South for the Democratic party. Succeeded in setting up a system of bonds for the national debt.
A leading attorney who argued many famous cases in the Supreme Court. Congressman from New Hampshire and senator representing Massachusetts.
Matthew C. Perry
Commodore sent to Japan to persuade that country to open up its ports to trade with Americans. In 1854, he convinced Japan's government to agree to a treaty that opened two Japanese ports to U.S. trading vessels