Early Middle Ages (Mr. Nelson)
Terms in this set (35)
The early Middle Ages in Western Europe (500-1000) when the learning and civilization declined after the fall of the Roman empire.
An exchange of pledges between liege lords and vassals (Feudalism) and nobles and peasants (Manorialism).
During the early Middle Ages, power to rule belonged to many local lords, not to a powerful central government such as during the Roman Empire.
During the early Middle Ages, each manor produced everything needed in order to survive without depending on trade or outside sources.
Age of Faith
What the Middle Ages was called because of the widespread Christian belief.
During the Middle Ages, according to the prevailing Christian view, people are condemned to hell because of sin and are in need of redemption through the sacraments of the church.
A family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church.
A system of military alliances that developed during the early Middle Ages. Nobles were granted the use of lands that legally belonged to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
Three Field System
A system of farming used during the Middle Ages to allow land to regain its nutrients. Land was divided into three fields of equal size and each planted with a winter crop, a spring crop, or left fallow (unplanted), then the fields were rotated the next year.
Christian-dominated Western Europe of the Middle Ages.
Sacred rituals during which participants receive God's direct favor, or grace, to ward off the consequences of sin.
Formal honor, or respect, by a vassal given to his liege lord during the Middle Ages according to feudal law.
A formal ceremony, under feudalism, when a vassal pledges to obey, honor and serve his liege lord in exchange for a grant of land.
When a farmer is only able to produce enough to support himself and his family with little left over for trade or purchasing goods.
Land set aside for the lord of a manor, which was worked by serfs/peasants for the benefit of the lord.
Roman Catholic Church
The church which was established in western Europe during the Roman Empire which became the largest landholder and most important institution in the Middle Ages with its leader being the Pope in Rome.
Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law, this banned an individual or community from participation in the sacraments of the church, which were considered essential for salvation.
An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty.
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Land which was reserved for a local priest who farmed it himself or hired laborers to do it for him.
A term designating the office of the pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
During the Middle Ages, the church created their own laws and courts based on holy scripture in order to provide guidance and order in the absence of Roman rule.
A class of people with a special rank and authority by virtue of birth or title, such as: dukes, counts, earls, and barons.
King of Franks; ruled for over 40 years; encouraged education; unified all the Christian lands of Europe into a single empire. Called "Emperor of the West," but his kingdom fragmented under his grandsons.
During the Middle Ages, a peasant who was legally bound to live and work his/her lord's manor.
The lord who grants land to a vassal, who - in return - owes him loyalty, military service and homage.
The head of the Catholic church in western Europe, also known as the Bishop of Rome.
An economic system based on the manor and lands including a village and surrounding acreage which were administered by a lord. It developed during the Middle Ages to increase agricultural production. Small landowners surrendered ownership of their property in return for protection from feudal warfare.
Conditions in Western Europe after fall of Roman Empire
Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire suffered a severe period of political and economic hardship, the loss of trade and education and a decline of towns and cities. Widespread Feudal warfare and invaders made life very dangerous. Living standards and life spans decreased as famine and disease increased. However, even during this period, there were centers of learning such as monasteries where books were collected, copied and schools were operated.
Importance of the Roman Catholic Church in the early Middle Ages.
The Roman Catholic Church was the most important institution after the fall of the Roman Empire. It was the largest land holder in Western Europe and provided leadership during an uncertain time. It provided civil services such as hospitals, orphanages and courts based on Canon Law.
Money a vassal could pay instead of serving in the military, "Shield Money"
A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.
system in which one set of goods or services is exchanged for another
In the middle ages, a noble who was given a fief by his liege lord in exchange for loyalty and military service.
Seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of Europe, during the eighth through the tenth century, producing fear and insecurity.
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