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Age Exploration / Absolute Monarchs Quiz
Terms in this set (25)
What were the "three G's" that drove Europeans to trade with other people from other countries?
Gold, Glory, God.
What does "Gold" stand for?
What does "Glory" stand for?
Power and land.
What does "God" stand for?
Christianity; spreading Christianity.
What kind of ship was built during this age?
What kind of sails did the caravel have?
Triangular sails; this allowed it to sail against the wind.
What was invented that helped keep sea captains on course?
The magnetic compass.
Who was the first nation to develop and use these technologies?
What did Prince Henry of Portugal do that contributed to exploration?
In 1410, he created a school of navigation where people could meet, learn, and exchange ideas.
Who was Bartolomeu Dias?
He led the first voyage to reach the southern tip of Africa.
Who was Vasco da Gama?
He found a way to Asia (India, actually).
Which country was the "first" to find the sea route to Asia?
What is Christopher Columbus accredited to doing?
He was the first person to find the Americas.
What is the Treaty of Torsdesillas, and when was it signed?
It divided the in two parts; Portugal = eastern parts, Spain = western parts. It was signed in 1494.
What kind of islands did Portugal have control over (think adjective to describe these types of islands)
Which European nations joined into this trade?
England and the Netherlands.
WHEN did they join?
WHERE did they join?
What kind of "company" did both of these nations set up?
The East India Company.
What did the East India Company supposedly have to control?
Why were these companies like governments?
They had the power to: make $$, sign treaties, and raise own armies.
Which country drove out which country,and why?
The Dutch drove out the English and took the Asian trade for themselves.
Where did the Dutch make their trading headquarters?
Java, East Indies.
Where did the Dutch mainly rule?
Indonesia and southern tip of Africa.
Where did the English and French mainly rule?
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