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apwh unit 4 test review
Terms in this set (135)
plagye, trade, porcelain
What effects did Mongol Expansion have 12
An advantage of Mongol rule was that
it promoted the spread of ideas and movement of people in Eurasia
What was the role of Mongol women in politics
Women from prestigious families were often powerful in negotiation and management
The religion of the Central Asian nomads was
a diverse mixture of various religions
What metal was crucially important to the Central Asian nomads
The first Mongol conquests under Genghis Khan were in
Which of the following was not one of the techniques employed by the Mongols to defeat the armies they faced?
Narratives such as Marco Polo's created a European
ambition to find easier routes to Asia
In 1295, the Il-khan ruler Ghazan converted to which religion?
The Timurids supported the advancement of astronomical observation, particularly the discovery of
Who was Juvaini?
the first to write the history of the Mongols
Tax farming is
the sale of tax-collecting contracts to small corporations
Who attempted to write the first world history
The conflict between Il-khan and the Golden Horde originated in
How did Mongol control impact Russia's Orthodox church?
They were granted great privileges
Which city became Russia's dominant political center under the Mongols?
To demonstrate their rejection of the Mongols, the Ming emperor
severed relations with the Middle East and Central Asia and closed the borders to foreigners
The Chinese rigorously censored information to foreigners because they
feared technology transfer
The Mongols were influenced by religious leaders from
The Mongols encouraged the sharing and exchange of all of the following except for
The Emperor Yongle restored commercial links with the Middle East by
exploring maritime connections and encouraging the voyages of Zheng He
Zheng He's primary accomplishment was
acquiring Ming tributary states
One impact of the rise of cities under Mongol rule was
the increasing influence of Mandarin
The Ming produced one of the most prized commercial products of Eurasia,
Although the Yi Kingdom publicly rejected the Mongols, they
adopted Mongol administrative practices and institutions
wind of the gods
What military techniques or innovations made the Yi military a formidable defensive force?
cannon with gunpowder-driven arrow launchers
What prevented the Mongols from invading Japan?
A storm prevented them from establishing a base
Which of the following are not among the influences that the Mongols had on Korea?
They taught the Koreans to sail and build ships
The ancestor of modern Vietnam was formed when Annam
The rise of literacy in Korea resulted from the
combination of an improved printing system and the han'gul writing system
Mongol rule of Russia overthrown by
Mongol armies consisted of
multinational force w/ Mongol leaders
Europeans did NOT learn about ____ from Mongols
1453, Ottomans conquered this Christian city
Emperor Yongle improved the Mongol imperial complex called the
Zheng He's primary accomplishment was
acquiring Ming tributary states
plagye, trade, porcelain
What effects did Mongol Expansion have
The period from 1200 to 1500 is better known as Europe's
later middle ages
Western Europeans of the later middle ages referred to themselves as
In the latin west during the later midddle ages approximately
nine out of ten people were rural
in return for the use of their lord's land, serfs
had to give the lord a share of the harvest and perfom services
in europe's later middle ages women were considered to be
inferior to men
the three-field system was
an agricultural method
by the time it subsided, the black death killed
one out of three western europeans
windmills and watermills
had long been common in the Islamic world
in the thirteenth century, what caused Italian eastern Mediterranean trade to be strengthened?
venetian inspired assault on Constantinople
which of the following is not true of trading cities in Europe during the middle ages? They
were unable to produce products to compete with asian products
What official role did the Catholic Church play in the persecution of Jews in Medieval Europe?
it played no official role in the persecution, as the Church was officially the protector of Jews.
a guild was
an association of craft specialists from the same trade
which of the following is not true about most guilds?
most guilds promoted equality between men and women
what "architectural wonder" first made its appearance in France on or about 1140
the renaissance began in
some of the "lost knowledge" of the greek and arab world came into the latin west through
the recapture of southern italy from the byzantines, and sicily and toledo from the muslims
Historians' name for the territories of europe that adhered to the latin rite of christianity and used the latin language for intellectual exchange.
a rotational system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one grows legumes, and one lies fallow.It gradually replaced the two field system
an outbreak of bubonic plague that spread across asia, north africa, and europe, carrying off a vast numbers of persons
a mechanism that harnesses the energy in flowing water to grind grain or power machinery. It was used in many parts of the world but was especially common in europe
an economic and defensive alliance of the free towns in northern germany, founded about 1241 and most powerful in 14th century
an association of men (rarely women), such as merchants, artisans, or professors who worked in a particular trade and banded together to promote their economic and political interests. They were important in other societies, such as the ottoman and safavid empires
a period of intense artistics and intellectual activity, said to be the "rebirth" of Greco-Roman culture. Usually divided into an italian renaissance, from roughly the mid-14th to mid-15th century, and a northern renaissance.
degree-granting institutions of higher learning. Those that appeared in Latin west from 1200 onward became a model of all modern universities
a philosophical and theological system, associated with thomas aquinas, devised to reconcile aristolian philosophy and roman catholic theology
European scholars, writers, and teachers associated with the study of the humanities (grammar, rhetoric, poetry, histroy, languages, and moral philosophy0, influential in the 15th century and later
a mechanical device for transferring text or graphics from a woodblock or type to paper using ink. Presses used moveable type first appeared in europe about 1450
a division in the latin christian church between 1378 and 1417, when rival claimants to the papacy existed in Rome and Avignon
great western schism
series of campaigns over the control of the throne of france, involving french and english royal families and french noble families
hundred years war
monarchies in france england and spain, england, and france. The centralization of royal power was increasing within more or less fixed territorial limits
which of the following does not describe the divine comedy?
it was written in latin like most literature of the time
By 1500, the english parliament
became a permanent part of english government
Sailing in the Indian Ocean was less difficult and dangerous than other places because?
The monsoons were predictable and steady
How did the rise of Medieval Islam give trade in the Indian Ocean an important boost?
Muslim cities provided a demand for valuable commodities, and networks of Muslim traders tied the region together
The Chinese treasure ships of Zheng He carried what?
Rich silks, precious metals, and other gifts for distant rulers
Why did the Ming court suspend the voyages of Zheng He?
Chinese officials opposed increased contact with "barbarians" (foreigners) with no real contribution to China
The greatest mariners of the Atlantic in the early Middle Ages were who?
In addition to sailing up the Pacific coast, early Amerindians from South America also colonized?
The west Indies
What two nations began a maritime revolution that profoundly altered the course of world history?
Portugal and Spain
Which of the following is a reason for Iberian overseas exploration?
Reasons for exploration: Christian militancy, Iberian search for material goods and their eagerness to find new routes via the Atlantic to Africa and Asia
An early impetus for Portuguese maritime exploration was to
Gain access to the sub-Saharan gold trade
Prince Henry of Portugal was known as Henry the Navigator because he did what?
Founded an institution in Sagres for studying navigation and getting info on lands past Muslim North Africa
Describe how the 2 (compass & astrolabe) important navigational technologies affected sailing.
The astrolabe allowed mariners to determine their location at sea by measuring the position of the sun or stars
The advantage of the caravel was what?
They were ⅕ the size of the largest Junk ships and because of that they could enter shallow waters around the coast and explore upriver but they were strong enough to weather strong ocean storms
An important addition to the maritime revolution was what?
An important addition was made by Henry's explorers, they learned how to use the winds to return speedily to Portugal.
Why is Henry the Navigator viewed as the father of exploration?
Henry's explorers made an important addition to the maritime revolution
The first financial return from the Portuguese voyages came from?
Selling slaves captured from the Northwest African coast and Canary Islands in the 1400s
Why was Bartholomeu Dias' voyage significant?
He was the first Portuguese explorer to sail around the southern tip of Africa and enter the Indian Ocean
In 1500, what did Portuguese mariners discover while attempting to find a favorable wind around Africa?
The Eastern coast of South America, laying the basis for their later claim to Portugal
What did Columbus promise Spain he would do? Was he successful?
He promised Spain he would "acquire islands and mainlands"
Columbus carried a letter from Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to?
Rulers of the East, including one issued to the "Grand Khan"
The slave trade in West Africa was controlled by what source?
Royal Monopoly, the oba first raised the price of slaves and then imposed restrictions that limited their sale
How were the first Portuguese who landed in India greeted?
The ruler showed little interest in becoming trade partners with them and laughed at the gifts they presented
The Portuguese focus in the eastern Indian Ocean was on what?
In the Indian Ocean, the Portuguese used their control of the major port cities to enforce an even larger trading monopoly
Explain the African encounters with the Portuguese before 1550
The relations were all different due to strategies and leadership of certain African states, as well as Portuguese policies
The result of Portuguese domination of Indian Ocean trade routes was what?
The result was it brought them considerable profit
The difference between the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire was what?
The Spanish established a vast territorial empire in the Americas, while the Portuguese established trading empires in Africa and Asia. The Spanish kingdoms had somewhat greater resources to draw on
The first Amerindians to contact the Spanish were who?
A conquistador was an early 16th century Spanish adventurer who conquered Mexico, Central America and Peru
1. What well-traveled Muslim scholar left a journal that has become a valuable historical source?
2. The tropics are warm all year-round. The center of the tropical zone is marked by what?
3. The rainy and dry seasons in the Indian Ocean reflect the influence of what?
4. Human migrations spread many useful plants and animals around the tropics by 1200. These included
banana, yams and coca
5. The form of extensive agriculture that was used in sub-Saharan Africa is called
6. To accommodate the uneven distribution of rainfall, South Indian farmers
constructed elaborate irrigation canals
7. The most abundant metal worked in the tropics was
8. Africa exported large quantities of what mineral across the Sahara, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean?
9. The empires of Mali in West Africa and Delhi in southern Asia both utilized
10. The spread of Islam to lands south of the Sahara came about through
a gradual and peaceful process
11. In contrast to the kingdom of Ghana that preceded it, which of the following cannot be said about Mali?
12. Mansa Kankan Musa made a famous pilgrimage that
served to demonstrate the enormous wealth
13. In addition to fulfilling his personal religious obligations, Mansa Kankan Musa's pilgrimage resulted in the
construction of new mosques and Quaranic schools in Mali
14. The Turkish invaders successfully invaded India due to
division of India into small states
15. The Turkish conquest of northern India was aided by
16. Sultan Iltutmish passed his empire to Raziya, his
17. The Delhi Sultans controlled their empire in India by
terror and high taxes
18. When the Delhi Sultanate began to lose control of its realm, new kingdoms emerged in India called
Bahmani and Vijayanagar
19. Although the Delhi Sultanate had its problems, it did provide a
centralized political authority to India
20. What DID NOT caused an increase in Indian Ocean trade between 1200 and 1500?
the invention of the lateen sail and the compass
21. The characteristic ship of the Arabian Sea was the
22. The largest, most technologically advanced ship in the Indian Ocean was the Chinese
23. The different regional networks of the Indian Ocean trade were tied together by
24. By 1250 the most important trading city of the Swahili Coast was
25. The economic and political power of Great Zimbabwe was based on long distance trade in
gold, copper and salt
26. The city of Aden in Arabia was an excellent location for
growing grain and convenient stopover for traders
27. What item did the Indian state of Gujarat NOT derive wealth from manufacturing and trading?
28. As trade increased in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Strait of Malacca became the center of a political rivalry between
Majapahit and Chinese pirates
29. Because of the trade through the Strait of Malacca, Malacca became an important port and also
became a meeting place for traders from around the Eurasian world
30. The cultural blending associated with the expansion and spread of Islam from 1200 to 1500 can be seen by examining
the design of mosques
31. What can be said about the role the mosque played in Islamic society?
were centers of learning and promoted literacy
32. The spread of Islam to India promoted a new language that combined Persian and Hindi influence called
33. The spread of Islam between 1200 and 1500 DID NOT encourage:
a parallel spread of Christianity
34. The most profitable item traded from North Africa to Timbuktu, a center for learning, was
35. In India, Islamic invasion practically did what?
destroyed the last strong holds of Buddhism
36. The prosperity of the Asian and African kingdoms from 1200 to 1500 was accompanied by the
growth of slavery
37. The status of women in tropical India may have improved based on reports that
sati or widow burning became optional
38. What active roles or special skills did women of the tropical regions play or contribute to their communities?
ruling many countries throughout the tropics
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