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21 terms

The Presidency

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Expressed Powers
powers directly stated in the constitution
Delegated Powers
powers given to the president by Congress
Inherent Powers
presidential powers implied but not explicitly stated in the Constitution
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
Executive Agreement
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
Executive Privilege
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
Veto
the power or right to prohibit or reject a proposed or intended act (especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature)
Pocket Veto
a bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns
Line item veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
Legislative Initiative
the president's inherent power to bring a legislative agenda before Congress
Executive Orders
a rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Cabinet
the heads of departments of the executive branch appointed by the president and conffirmed by the Senate
National Security Council
a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security
White House Staff
analysts and advisers to the president, often given the title "special assistant."
Kitchen Cabinet
an informal group of advisers to whom the president turns for counsel and guidance. Members of the official Cabinet may or may not also be members of this.
Executive Office of the President
The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
Mandate
A claim by a victorious candidate that the electorate has given him or her special authority to carry out campaign promises made during the campaign.
Permanent Campaign
description of presidential politics in which all presidential actions are taken with reelection in mind
Chief of Staff
The person who directs the operations of the White House Office and who advises the president on important matters.
Secretaries
The heads of the departments that form the President's cabinet.
Going Public
The presidential strategy of using the media to appeal directly to the public to support presidential initiatives.