12 terms

Early Chrisian - Mannerist (Architecture)

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Santa Sabina & Interior
Period: Early Christian
Identifying Aspects: Corinthian order columns, apse, clerestory, arcade
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Santa Sabina and Interior - 400CE
Location: Rome
Medium: Brick and concrete
Function: Church for worship and prayer, holds relics
Context: Over the alter there is a fresco which was originally a mosaic, also the roof is in the shape of a dome unlike the rest of the building.
Church of Hagia Sophia
Period: Early Byzantine
Identifying Aspects: Domes, arches, minarets, pendentives, many windows, and has many colors.
Artist: Anthemius and Isidorous
Patron: Emperor Justinian
Name/Date: Church of Hagia Sophia - 600CE
Location: Constantinople
Medium: Brick
Function: Church used for prayer and worship.
Context: This church is also referred to as the Church of the Holy Wisdom and the Church of the Divine Wisdom.
Church of San Vitale
Period: Early Byzantine
Identifying Aspects: Octagon shaped roof, many windows, triforia, flying buttresses
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Bishop Ecclesius and Julius Argentarius
Name/Date: Church of San Vitale - 600CE
Location: Ravenna, Italy
Medium: Brick
Function: Church used for worship and prayer and housed holy relics
Context: Construction of this church cost around 26,000 gold pieces
Dome of the Rock
Period: Islamic
Identifying Aspects: Gold dome in the center of the building, many colors, octagon shaped
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Abd-Al-Malik
Name/Date: Dome of the Rock - 900CE
Location: Jerusalem, Israel
Medium: Masonry
Function: Functions as a shrine as well as a place of worship
Context: Marks Muhammad's ascension, also signifies Christians, Jews and Muslims.
Great Mosque
Period: Islamic
Identifying Aspects: Arcade arches, symmetrical
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Abbasids
Name/Date: The Great Mosque - 900CE
Location: Kairouan, Tunisia
Medium: Masonry
Function: Mosque, place for worship and prayer, holds holy relics, education center, sacred area for many different religions.
Context: The Great Mosque is built facing Mecca.
Prayer Hall
Period: Islamic
Identifying Aspects: Corinthian order columns, repeated patterns on columns, hypostyle, many colors
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Umayyads
Name/Date: Prayer Hall - 900CE
Location: Cordoba, Spain
Medium: Masonry
Function: Prayer hall used for worship
Context: Built with reused ancient Roman columns, stolen off of other buildings.
Dome
Period: Islamic
Identifying Aspects: Squinches, dome, arabesque, arches
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Abd-Al-Hakkam II
Name/Date: Dome - 900CE
Location: Cordboa, Spain
Medium: Masonry
Function: Support for the roof of the building, decoration
Context: This dome is supported by squinches and looks good aestheticly.
Muqarnas Dome
Period: Islamic
Identifying Aspects: Large arches, arabesque, clerestroy, domes
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Muhammad V
Name/Date: Muqarnas Dome - 1400CE
Location: Granade, Spain
Medium: Masonry
Function: Palace, used in order to call attention to the roof, decoration
Context: The Alhambra was built originally as a fortress but was redone as a palace.
Speyer Cathedral
Period: Romanesque
Identifying Aspects: Symmetrical, westwork, many windows, arches, rectangular.
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Emperor Henry IV
Name/Date: Speyer Cathedral - 1050CE
Location: Speyer, Germany
Medium: Masonry
Function: A church for worship and prayer, housed holy relics, the seat of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Speyer
Context: Used units of measure based on the dome, built with wooden framework above all the arches in order to redistribute the weight down the walls.
Chartres Cathedral
Period: Gothic
Identifying Aspects: Vertical/tall, cruciform plan, pointed towers, rose window
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Chartres Clergy
Name/Date: Chartres Cathedral - 1200CE
Location: Chartres, France
Medium: Masonry
Function: Used as a place of prayer and worship
Context: The cruciform plan was still used during the Gothic period but became less recognizable
Palazzo Medici
Period: Southern Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Arched windows and doorways, corinthian order columns, rectangular, arcade
Artist: Michelozzo
Patron: Medici family
Name/Date: Palazzo Medici - 1450CE
Location: Florence
Medium: Masonry
Function: Palace for the Medici family
Context: This was well known for its tripartite elevation, and was influenced by Roman and Brunelleschian principles when it came to design.
Il Gesu
Period: Mannerism
Identifying Aspects: Classical features, frieze
Artist: Giacomo della Porta
Patron: Jesuit Order
Name/Date: Il Gesu - 1550CE
Location: Rome
Medium: Various stone
Function: Functioned as a sacred space
Context: The facade uses elements from other works, draws attention to the central portal, the commission was supposed to go to Michelangelo but he took too long so it went to someone else

Flickr Creative Commons Images

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