History Chapter 3 Vocabulary Words

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Fertile Crescent
A large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland
Silt
A mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
Irragation
A way of supplying water to an area of land
Canals
human-made waterways
Surplus
more than what is needed or expected
division of labor
the type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
Rural
countryside
urban
city
city-state
consisted of a city and all the countryside around it
Gilgamesh
One of Uruk's kings
Sargon
Sought to extend Akkadian territory
Empire
land with different territories and people under a single rule
Polytheism
the belief in or worship of more than one god.
Priests
people who performed religious ceremonies
social hierarchy
the division of society by rank or class
Cuneiform
the world's first system of writing
pictograph
A pictorial symbol for a word or phrase.
Scribe
A professional writer
epics
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
architecture
the science of building
Ziggurat
A pyramid shaped temple tower
Monarch
a ruler of a kingdom or empire
Hammurabi's Code
a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life
Chariot
A wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle
Nebuchadnezzar
Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city
alphabet
a set of letters that can be combined to form words
role
a part or function
impact
an effect or result