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35 terms

American History-Ch.3

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Charter
a written grant of rights and privileges by a ruler or government to a community, class of people, or organization
John Smith
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
Representative government
political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
Pilgrim
Someone who travels to a shrine or sacred place, as an act of religious devotion
Squanto
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.
establish
to set up or create
sustain
v. to support, nourish, keep up; to suffer, undergo; to withstand
John Winthrop
1588-1649 First governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
toleration
The acceptance of different beliefs
Roger Williams
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
Anne Hutchinson
American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
Thomas Hooker
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
John Wheelwright
Brother in law of Anne Hutchinson, also banished from Massachusetts supporting her, founded Exeter,NH in 1637
Town meeting
a meeting of the inhabitants of a town
Metacom
Chief of the Wampanoag Indians who led an attack on villages throughout New England. This was the largest conflict in 1675.
restrict
place limits on (extent or access)
propriety colony
land given by the king to one or more people that are called propieters. they can divide or rent the land . they can make laws to go along with the land.
Royal colony
A colony under the direct control of a monarch
William Penn
Penn, an English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance.
back country
a remote and undeveloped area
fundamental
being or involving basic facts or principles
accumulate
collect or gather
Nathaniel Bacon
a farmer in the backcountry, his resentment of Berkeley and the unbalanced power of the Virginia government, lead to a rebellion, by him and other backcountry farmers. When Berkeley refused to let Bacon and other farmers fight nearby Indians, he went into Jamestown, with his own militia, burned most of the city, and drove Berkeley out of town.
Lord Baltimore
He was the founder of Maryland, a colony which offered religious freedom, and a refuge for the persecuted Roman Catholics.
James Oglethorpe
Founder and governor of the Georgia colony. He ran a tightly-disciplined, military-like colony. Slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were forbidden in his colony. Many colonists felt that Oglethorpe was a dictator, and that (along with the colonist's dissatisfaction over not being allowed to own slaves) caused the colony to break down and Oglethorpe to lose his position as governor.
debtor
Person or country that owes money
plantation
Large estate farmed by many workers
proprietor
An owner of a store or other business
contrast
to show differences when compared
borderland
district consisting of the area on either side of a border or boundary of a country or an area
Junipero Serra
The leader of a group of Spanish missionaries who founded a chain of twenty-one missions beginning in 1769 at San Diego and stretching north of the San Francisco Bay. These missions gathered nomadic Indians into missions and taught them the values of Christianity.
presidio
a fortress established in the southwestern United States by the Spanish in order to protect their missions and other holdings
pueblo
a communal village built by Indians in the southwestern United States
function
to serve a purpose
convert
change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief