Terms in this set (22)
What is logic?
Logic is the science of right thinking.
Who is the father of logic?
What are the two branches of logic?
formal and material logic
What is formal logic?
interested in form of reasoning
What is material logic?
deals with the content of an argument
What is truth?
truth is the correspondence of a statement to reality
What is soundness?
An argument is sound when the premises are true and the argument is valid.
What happens during a simple apprehension?
We form a concept of something in our minds
What happens during a judgment?
When we affirm or deny something about the subject.
What happens during a deductive inference?
When we make logical connections between the term and the argument.
What the the three things associated with a simple apprehension?
perceive something with our senses, form a mental image, conceive its meaning
What is sense perception?
The act of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, or touching
What is a mental image?
The image of an object formed in the mind.
What is a simple apprehension?
An act by which the mind grasps the concept or general meaning of an object without affirming or denying anything.
What is abstraction?
The process by which a simple apprehension is derived from a sense perception or a mental image.
At what point do you go from simple apprehension to judgment?
When you affirm or deny anything about a concept.
What are the two properties of simple apprehension?
comprehension and extension
What was Plato's definition of man?
a featherless biped
What is the definition of comprehension?
The completely articulated sum of intelligible aspects represented by a concept
What is an animal?
a sentient, living, material substance
What is a man?
a rational, sentient, living, material substance
What is the definition of extension?
extension tells us the things to which the essence of the object applies