33 terms

AP US History / American Pageant / Chapter 7-8

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republicanism
• political theory of representative government based on popular sovereignty
• emphasis on liberty and common good of people
• mid 18th century (1700s)
• reflected by Thomas Paine's Common Sense
• supported by radical Whigs who opposed authoritarian monarchy
mercantilism
Sugar Act
• 1764
Quartering Act
• 1765
Stamp Act
• 1765

• Reactions:
-Stamp Act Congress
- nonimportation agreement
- Sons of Liberty & Daughter of Liberty
admiralty courts
• 1765
Stamp Act Congress
• 1765
• one reaction towards the Stamp Act
nonimportation agreements
• reaction to Stamp Acts
• reaction to Townshend Acts
• reaction to The Association
Sons of Liberty
• 1765 reaction to the Stamp Act
• radical political organization for colonial independence
• tarring and feathering
• incited riots and burned the customs houses
• leaders: Samuel Adams & Paul Revere
Declaratory Act
Townshend Acts
Boston Massacre
Committees of Correspondence
• founded by Samuel Adams
• a system of letters communication between Patriots throughout the colonies
Boston Tea Party
"Intolerable" (Coercive) Acts
• 1774
• series of laws passed by the British government in response to unrest in the colonies, particularly in Boston
Quebec Act
First Continental Congress
• Georgia did not send a delegate
Battles of Lexington and Concord
• 1775
virtual representation
• British theory that Parliament spoke for all British subjects, including those in America, even though they did not vote for its members
• addressed by
George Grenville
• prime minister of Britain
King George III
Samuel Adams
Second Continental Congress
Olive Branch Petition
Common Sense
• pamphlet written by Thomas Paine
• claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
• used evidence such as distance, size of Britain versus America, etc.
Declaration of Independence
Loyalists (Tories)
Patriots (Whigs)
Battle of Saratoga
• 1777
• turning point of the American Revolution
• convinced the French to give the U.S. military support as Americans now had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Yorktown
• 1781
Treaty of Paris
Benedict Arnold
• American general who was labeled a traitor when he assisted the British in a failed attempt to take the American fort at West Point
Lord Charles Cornwallis
• commander of British troops in the South, best • defeated at the Battle of Yorktown
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