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Vocal Lit test
German Lieder and French melodie
Terms in this set (13)
What is the underlying influence on French music during this time?
The sanctity of the French language....The nature of the French language, Lack of inflection & Natural legato
What was the role of the French revolution in music?
Delayed the rise of the French mélodie ...Brought down the aristocracy, who paid for the arts
Describe the evolution of published editions in France.
"Noske observes that both publishers and composers treated songs with a certain casualness, considering them to be "mere trifles" ...Not always notated in the same keys, not always clear what the original key was...Song cycles weren't always in the same order....Composers became more precise about the publications of their songs
What was the general attitude toward virtuosity in France?
Many composers wanted to compose singable songs that could be performed by amateurs...It became more about the music than the actual performance
Summarize Romagnesi's instructions of the French salon singer.
Treat the voice with care and never force it beyond its natural abilities, Sing very well instead of very loudly, Study the text before he sings it, Convey the sense of the poem without vocal display, Natural breathing and facial expressions
How did different composers resolve the problems created by the nature of the French language?
Debussy:Put poetry in recit. type style...Ravel:Free verse so that he wouldn't be bound...Fauré:create the mood and let poetry speak for itself
How did poetry influence the art song?
Main source of inspiration...Shaped romantic movement...Middle class interested in the arts and combining them in creative ways...
How did the growing education of the middle class influence the art song?
Demanded a continuous supply...Every home made music for entertainment
Name three composers and their views on transposition
Brahms allowed it, Strauss chose what keys they went to, Schumann believed different keys had different dispositions, so transposition was fine as long as the affect wasn't changed, wolf HATED IT
What did the German romantic composers say about articulation in general?
Expected singers to use the text, therefore they didn't write in many articulation marks
What was Wagner's solution to applying Italian bel canto melding German language issues?
"Wagner wanted singers to preserve the beautiful tone of the Italian approach and infuse it with German diction and pronunciation so that the words and the music would have equal importance. He wanted german singers to speak in singing and above all sing and act naturally."
How did the idea of ornamentation develop over the century?
Reacted against flourished bel canto ornaments...Progressively more conservative—allowed a little early on, but soon was banished additional ornaments from their music in order to allow more room for authenticity
How did the composers treat tempo?
Didn't want specificity in metronome markings, so they used loose and flexible terms instead
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