2nd Deck: British

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Terms in this set (...)

General Thomas Gage
British General sent by Parliament to America to enforce the Quartering Act of 1765. Became governor of Massachusetts too (!) after Boston Tea Party.
Kept port of Boston closed as punishment; took heat from press/protesters; ordered to arrest leaders of provincial governments and suppress any rebellious activity;After the first Continental Congress and the Suffolk Resolves, he sends back in all troops taken out over past 5 years
Redcoats are everywhere--essentially martial law. Tries to take colonists' gunpowder
sends troops to seize colonial weapons at Lexington and Concord, but his wife probably snitched on him to the colonists...
William Pitt
The Prime Minister of England during the French and Indian War; increased the British troops and military supplies in the colonies
George Grenville
British Whig politician (his title was "The Lord of the Treasury") who proposed the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act. Their faith in the good intentions of Britain was basically gone, and they wanted to help organize responses to unfair Parliamentary laws/taxes; they were the brains of the rebellion til Continental Congresses later on; some were also in Sons of Liberty.
Lord North
Prime Minister of England from 1770-1782, so during the Revolution, enforced taxes and laws vigorously, didn't care if he alienated moderates; sparked Revolution
Whigs
political party that opposed the power of the king. Have power in early 1700s
Tories
political party supporting the power of the king. Thought Americans should not revolt. Have power in the late 1700s in England
Dinwiddie and Braddock
Royally-appointed officials whose incompetence and/or elitism did not help British-colonial relations
John Locke
Enlightenment thinker who specializes in the idea of society as a social contract where we consent to give over some of our power/property (and tax $ is a form of property) so that we have order and our property is safe; he wrote a draft of the NC state constitution
Thomas Hobbes
English 1600s philosopher who felt that government had to be all powerful in order to keep order
Lord Cornwallis
the British general who got frustrated at the slow pace of progress in the South, so he head back northward through Virginia...and got trapped at Yorktown
Howe Brothers (William and Richard)
They were brothers who were the first British commanders; when they fail to win the war quickly enough, they are recalled/fired.
Hobbes
believed that the only way to resolve our natural greediness; we need an "All-powerful" government/leviathan government
Benedict Arnold
revolutionary war general then traitor; relevant and courageous in early phase of war; meets wife (who was loyal to British) at Valley Forge