American Pageant Chapter 1
AP US History identifications for The American Pageant Chapter 1: New World Beginnings.
Terms in this set (25)
The false idea that the Spanish destroyed the Indians through slavery and disease while the English did not.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Spanish conquerors seeking for wealth and opportunity in the New World
Spanish government's policy to "commend", or give, Indians to colonists to be used as labor in return for the promise to Christianize them.
Ferdinand and Isabella
King and Queen of a Spain who made Spain a strong Christian nation and also provided funding to overseas exploration, notably Christopher Columbus.
Three Sisters Farming
Native American method of planting corn, beans, and squash together
Juan Ponce de Leon
Discovered and claimed Florida for Spain and established the first permanent colony in St. Augustine, FL 1565 to keep the French out.
Spanish conqueror of Aztecs in Mexico
Spanish explorer who defeated the Incas in Peru
People of mixed European and Native American descent
Emperor of the Aztecs when Cortes landed in Mexico
Pope's Rebellion (1680)
Pueblo Indian revolt that destroyed every Catholic Church and drove Spanish settlers from New Mexico.
Huge Spanish fleet (ships) that protected interests in the New World
Capital city of the Aztec Empire, conquered by Cortes
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)
Decree handed down by the Pope that divided the New World between Spain and Portugal
Ancient civilization (1200-1500 CE) that was located in the Andes in Peru and conquered by Pizarro
Ancient civilization (1200-1521 AD) that was located in what is present-day Mexico City conquered by Cortes
societies in which political legitimacy and authority overlay a large degree of cultural commonality
Mississippian settlement near present-day East St. Louis, home to as many as 25,000 Native Americans
In trading systems, those dealers who operate between the original buyers and the retail merchants who sell to consumers.
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish to explore of the Atlantic.
A large farm that specializes in the production of cash crops using slave labor
"Sad night", when the Aztecs attacked Hernán Cortés and his forces in the Aztec capital, Tenochitlán, killing hundreds.
An economic system based on private property, free trade, and open markets.
Battle of Acoma (1599)
Fought between Spaniards and the Pueblo Indians in present-day New Mexico. Spaniards brutally crushed the Pueblo peoples and established the territory as New Mexico in 1609.