25 terms

Chapter 1: The profession of physical therapy


Terms in this set (...)

Today what are physical therapist described as?
How did physical therapy become a new occupation?
Soldiers were in need of physical function after World War I
What role did Mary McMillian play in the evolution and history of physical therapy?
Recognized as the first physical therapist in the US; however she received her training in England
What was the impact of WWI and WWII on physical therapy?
WWI- high number of people stricken with disease called for physical therapist; WWII- the polio epidemic
A specialty that concerns itself with the overall improvement of the functional capacity of patients who, for one reason or another, have been left with impaired motion of an arm or leg or with impaired balance or coordination
What is the purpose of the team approach to patient care?
. To provide care to the patient from a multi-disciplinary approach.
Physical Therapy
Treatment by physical means, such as heat, cold, water, massage, and electricity
What is the aim of physical therapy?
Restoration of the locomotor function of the human body.
List at least three character attributes that should be developed by the physical therapy aide.
Be clean and neat, avoid conflict, preserve the patient's dignity and self-esteem at all
Which health team member is allowed to give patients information about their prognosis?
Codes of conduct for behavior
Athletic trainer
A trainer who has graduated from a four-year university and who may or may not be state licensed or nationally certified. They are primarily concerned with preventing and treating athletic injuries and providing rehabilitative services to athletes. They may also be responsible for teaching proper nutrition, assessing an athlete's physical condition, giving advice on exercises, and taping or padding players to protect body parts from injury.
Partial or complete loss of function to an extremity or damage to a part of the nervous system that may affect normal body movement and the ability to function in the daily environment.
Exercise physiologist
Health care technician responsible for designing a physical activity program that is tailored to the specific needs of the individual participant.
A specialty area of therapeutic intervention.
Occupational therapist
A licensed technician who is a graduate of a school for occupational therapy and has acquired expertise in making special equipment to facilitate the performance of a patient's daily activities.
Physical medicine
A specialty concentrated on caring for the patient through the use of physical properties, such as light, heat, cold, water, electricity, massage, manipulation, exercise, and mechanical devices for physical therapy.
Physical therapist
A licensed technician who is a graduate of a four-year college program with a bachelor's degree, and in some cases, a master's degree in health sciences. Responsible for performing treatments that require special training in therapeutic exercises, hydrotherapy, and electrotherapy, and for carrying out procedures dealing with individual muscles and muscular movement.
Physical therapy
Treatment by physical means, such as heat, cold, water, massage, and electricity.
Physical therapy aide
Health care worker generally responsible for carrying out nontechnical duties of physical therapy, such as preparing treatment areas, ordering devices and supplies, and transporting patients. Works under the direction of the physical therapist.
Physical therapy assistant
Health care worker who is a graduate of a two-year associate of arts or applied sciences community college program, and who is certified according to the American Physical Therapy Association. Works under the direction of the physical therapist and is responsible for assisting with patient care and performing selected treatments such as ultrasound.
A person who, where permitted by law, is responsible for the evaluation, treatment, preventive care, and consultation of patients requiring his or her experience or expertise.
Recreational therapy aide
A person who is generally trained on the job and works under the direct supervision of the recreational therapist; responsible for carrying out activities the recreational therapist has assigned.
Recreational therapist
A therapist who uses recreation and leisure activities as a means of treating patients' symptoms and thereby improving their physical and mental well-being by planning of activities for the patient and then evaluating the patient's progress. Graduates from either a two-year associate of arts program or a four-year bachelor of science program, and state licensure varies according to type of employment.
Training in a skill for a career.

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