DHO 15 Infection Control 15:1-2
Terms in this set (58)
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus which attacks the immune system destroying the body's ability to fight infections.
requiring oxygen to live and grow.
methods of infection control that must be used for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei.
not requiring oxygen to live and grow;able to thrive in the absence of oxygen.
aseptic control that inhibits, retards growth of, or kills pathogenic organisms; not effective against spores and viruses.
being free from infection.
piece of equipment used to sterilize articles by way of stream under pressure and/or dry heat.
one-celled microorganisms, some of which are beneficial and some of which cause disease.
the use of biological agents, such as pathogens, for terrorist purposes.
chain of infection
factors that lead to the transmission or spread of disease.
means that objects or parts of objects do not contain disease-producing organisms and therefore have minimal chance of spreading the disease.
disease that is transmitted from one individual to another.
methods of infection control that must be used for patients known or suspected to be infected with epidemiological microorganisms that can be transmitted by either direct or indirect contact.
containing infection for infectious organisms or germs.
aseptic-control method that destroys pathogens but does not usually kill spores or viruses.
methods of infection control that must be used for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by large particle droplets expelled during coughing, sneezing, talking, or laughing.
infection or disease originating within the body.
an infectious disease that affects a large number of people within a population, community, or region at the same time.
infection or disease originating outside of or external to the body.
any substance or object that adheres to and transmits infectious material.
group of simple, plantlike animals that live on dead organic matter.
a parasitic worm.
caused by the HBV virus and is transmitted by blood, serum, and other body secretions.
caused by HCV, and is transmitted by blood and blood-containing body fluids.
a pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus that can cause a disease.
small, living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
mode of transmission
a way that the infectious agent can be transmitted to another reservoir or host where it can live.
a microorganism that is not capable of causing a disease.
pertaining to or originating in a health care facility such as a hospital.
infections are those that occur when the bodys defences are weak.
an infectious disease that affects many people over a wide geographic area; a worldwide epidemic.
personal protective equipment
protective barriers such as a mask, gown, gloves, and protective eyewear that help protect a person from contact with infectious material.
portal of entry
a way for the infectious agent to enter a new reservoir or host.
portal of exit
a way for the infectious agent to escape from the reservoirs in which it has been growing.
microscopic, one-celled animals often found in decaying materials and contaminated water.
area where the infectious agent can live.
parasitic microorganisms that live on other living organisms.
recommendations that must be followed to prevent transmission of pathogenic organisms by way of blood and body fluids.
free of all organisms, including spores and viruses.
an area that is set up for certain procedures and is free from all organisms.
process that results in total destruction of all microorganisms; also, surgical procedure that prevents conception of a child.
a person likely to get an infection or disease, because body defences are weak.
Complete Removal of pathogens
Bacterial Pathogen flesh eating
corkscrew shaped bacteria
Inanimate object carrying pathogens
The most important means of preventing the spread of infection.
CDC mandates treating all blood, body fluids, non-intact skin and mucous membranes as if they are infected.
measures to prevent exposure to pathogens; must include handwashing, gloves, PPE, sharps container