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Literary terms and devices vocabulary 8th grade English honors
Terms in this set (44)
The series of related events that make up a story
the background of the story—explains who the characters are and what their conflict might be
a struggle or clash between opposing forces or opposing characters
events that make it hard for the character to get what he or she wants
the most emotional or suspenseful moment in the story, when the outcome is decided one way or the other
the part of the story when the characters' problems are solved and the story ends ("the wrap up")
the central idea of a literary work; the author's intended message
the main character, the one who "drives the action."
the character who presents an obstacle to the protagonist or who is involved in the most important conflict with the protagonist
a character who remains the same or changes very little from beginning to end.
a character who changes in some important way as a result of what happens in the story. Change may involve some new knowledge or a different way of behaving or feeling.
when a character struggles against some outside force. The outside force may be another character or society or a storm or a grizzly bear etc
conflict which takes place within a characters' mind. Usually it is a struggle with the characters' opposing needs, wants, desires or emotions
any force (such as love or fear or jealousy) that drives the character to behave in a particular way
the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story.
the author explains directly what the character is like (kind, evil, etc.).
The author shows what the character is like by presenting the character's manner of speech, actions, dress (appearance), by indicating what others think or say about the character and by revealing what the character himself or herself thinks.
the use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the plot
the time and place of a story or play.
an interruption in the action of a plot to tell what happened at an earlier time
lines of a conversation or speech between two or more people included in a literary work
repeated elements of the plot
(For example three times the Big Bad Wolf goes to a little pig's house and says, "I'll huff and I'll puff and I'll blow your house in."
smaller plots that relate to the major story.
atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
the author's attitude toward his or her subject, character or audience.
a writer's or speaker's choice of words, including the arrangement, and the force, accuracy, and distinction with which they are used
A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain geographical area or a certain group of people (may have a distinct vocabulary, pronunciation system, or grammar).
Point of View
the point from which a story is told
Omniscient Point of View
the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems
Third-Person Limited Point of View
he narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
First-Person Point of View
one of the characters, using the personal pronoun "I", tells the story.
language that appeals to any of the senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, hearing) also known as Sensory Detail
an extravagant statement or exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity.
a metaphor in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human
a reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing well known from literature, history, religion, pop culture, etc.
a contrast between expectation and reality (dramatic, situational, and verbal)
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a term such as like, as, resembles, or than
a figure of speech that compares two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing (or is another thing) without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles
using something or someone to represent an idea
A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike.
A meaning, association, or emotion suggested by a word, in addition to it's dictionary definition or denotation (Determined, pigheaded)
The dictionary definition of a word
an expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from its literal (dictionary) meaning.
The devices a writer uses to develop style and convey meaning (allusion, analogy, dialect (including idioms), hyperbole, figures of speech (simile, metaphor, personification), imagery, irony, repetition, symbolism, and understatement.
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