Chapter 23 Introduction to Outdoor Emergency Care Vocabulary
ballooning of an artery that weakens it and predisposes it to rupture.
development of a leak in the largest blood vessel in the body results in massive bleeding that is usually fatal.
Closed chest injury
an injury without penetration of the chest cavity.
sudden cardiac death due to blunt thoracic trauma without and observable thoracic or cardiac damage.
a condition in which two or more adjacent ribs are fractured in two or more places causing a free floating segment of the chest wall.
coughing up blood.
an accumulation of blood in the pleural space.
a bruise of the heart muscle
Open chest injury
a chest injury that involves penetration of the chest wall.
inward movement of a flail chest segment upon inhalation.
the accumulation of blood or other fluid within the pericardial sac.
air in the pleural space.
a bruise of the lung tissue
the difference between the maximum (systolic) and minimum (diastolic) blood pressures during a single heartbeat.
Sucking chest wound
a chest wound that penetrates the pleura or lung allowing air to be sucked into the pleural space each inspiration.
the accumulation of pressurized air within the pleural space causes the displacement of the great vessels tracheal deviation distention of the jugular veins and compression of the other lung.
the inability to breath and hypoxia that results from the inability of the chest wall to expand due to external pressure or massive crushing trauma.
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