At your health screening, you describe the following: achiness, lethargy and vague abdominal discomfort. these are categorized as:
The study of functional alterations in human health because of an injury, disease, or syndrome describes which of the following?
Joe has many risk factors for the development of lung cancer. Which of these is not modifiable?
family history of lung cancer
which of the following terms indicates the dynamic steady state that the body strives to achieve everyday?
Which of the following contributes to evidence based practice and high-quality patient care?
All of these contribute (primary research, clinical expertise, meta-analysis studies)
Your grandmother is diagnosed with congestive heart failure and is told that she has 6 months to live. This prediction is referred to as her:
The organelle that is involved in cellular respiration and is linked to the development of oxidative stress is known as the :
cell develop into tissues with specialized structure and function through the process of:
You are caring for a female patient who has reported a noticeable decrease in breast size and muscle mass. Which of the following conditions and causes is the most likely explanation?
The changes seen in cells adapting to stressors that promote metaplasia:
changes from one cell type to another
Treatment of chronic conditions associated with cerebral atrophy:
are targeted toward slowing neuronal injury and atrophy
which of the following terms describes cells that are enlarged, with darkened nuclei, and abnormal chromatin?
You get a paper cut and experience pain at the site. This response is related to:
Increase exudate and chemical mediators at the site
A wound is 6 cm X 4 cm X 4 cm, A wound with these dimensions needs to heal through
A major difference between the acute and chronic inflammatory response is that in chronic inflammation:
Granulomas form around certain invaders
Depth of injury is important t determine with burns. You are in the sun too long without sunscreen and develop redness and blistering on your face, chest, and back. What depth of burn did you experience?
deep partial thickness burn
The hospitalized burn patient wants to know why you need to remove his dressings every day. It is painful and he wants to avoid uncovering his burn injury. You explain that removing the dressings promotes:
which of the following is the most common cause of acute gastritis?
Ingestion of aspirin, alcohol, or other chemicals
Why is Crohn disease more likely to cause intestinal obstruction than ulcerative colitis?
Crohn disease causes granulomas to form in the submucosal layer
During flu season, you get exposed to the influenza virus. Which component of your immune system will be the first to respond to this foreign pathogen?
The following season, you are concerned about getting the flu again. Which of the following statements is true?
Vaccination for prevalent strains of influenza virus can provide improved protection against the disease.
Which of the following conditions represents pathologic responses caused by immunologic memory?
A hypersensitivity reaction resulting from a yellow jacket sting is an example of:
Type 1, immediate hypersensitivity reaction
A hypersensitivity reaction resulting from complement activation due to insoluble antigen-antibody deposition is an example of:
Type III, immune complex reaction
Autoimmunity may be triggered by which one of the following?
close resemblance between foreign and self-antigen
Treatment of an altered immune response with cortisosteroids is associated with which one of the following adverse effects?
Loss of bone mineral
The transfer of secretory IgA from mother to infant during breast feeding is an example of:
which of the following is true regarding cytotoxic T lymphocytes?
Recognize the MHC class I-antigen complex
which of the following is true regarding pharmacologic treatment for AIDS?
drugs are used to inhibit HIV replication
You are looking to break the chain of infection by washing your hands frequently as you provide care for patients. which of the following links in the chain will be broken by this activity?
mode of transmission
Which of the following clinical manifestations is not typically found with inflammation but is more characteristic of a bacterial infection?
a white blood cell differential shows an increase in the number of monocytes and macrophages in the blood. This is typically means that
this is a chronic infection
Given the mode of transmission for influenza, how would you break the chain of infection and prevent spread?
wear a mask
what aspects of bacterial activity would be effective targets for pharmacologic treatment?
hepatitis B surface antigen (HBcAg)
which of the following scenarios is most likely in the CSF of a patient with bacterial meningitis?
CSF has high neutrophil count and high protein count
Fortification of foods with folic acid has resulted in significant reduction in the incidence of:
neural tube defects
which of the following chromosomal abnormalities can result in an inheritable form of trisomy?
which of the following hemoglobin types is produced during sickle cell crisis?
what is the risk of a mother with the genetic mutation that causes Fragile X syndrome passing the gene on to offspring?
50% of males affected