of or relating to the management of a company, school, or other organization (government)
The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits
practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
One person, usually a dictator, rules the country with absolute authority. The people have very little to no say in government.
any of the hereditary social classes in Hindu society; social stratification
relating to the ancient Greek and Roman world and especially to its literature, art, architecture, or ideals
the action or process of arranging laws or rules according to a system or plan.
The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures
labor exacted in lieu of taxes by public authorities especially for highway construction or repair
power dispersed among many different points, especially political power distributed among many different nobles/landowners/leaders/regions
the dispersion of any people from their original homeland
clearly different from others of the same kind
a god or goddess; a divine being
evidence that is based upon observation, measurement, or experimentation
having to do with morals, values, right and wrong; in accordance with standards of right conduct
to make use of, develop; to make improper use of for personal profit
reverence for parents considered in Chinese ethics the prime virtue and the basis of all right human relations
a defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack
Of or influenced by the Greek Empire. A type of culture typically referred to after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
of or relating to an emperor or an empire
the basic facilities, services, and physical systems needed for the functioning of a society
To bring together and make whole
Movement from one region of a country to another; between regions
movement within a region
having to do with the structure of language
a public demonstration of power and purpose
relating to the sea
movements of a people from one region to another
A way of life in which men and women withdraw from the rest of the world in order to devote themselves to their faith; living like a monk
convert into or express in the form of currency
seasonal wind that regularly blows from a certain direction for part of the year; common especially in SE Asia and India
Microbes that cause disease
a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
to continue steadily in a course of action, refuse to stop or be changed; to last, remain
The practice of identifying special individuals (shamans) who will interact with spirits for the benefit of the community. Characteristic of the Korean kingdoms of the early medieval period and of early societies of Central Asia.
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
given a completely different form or appearance
great respect; reverence
relating to the land, especially the use of land for farming
a person who does skilled work with his or her hands
Society distinguished by reliance on sedentary agriculture, ability to produce food surpluses, and existence of non-farming elites, as well as merchant and manufacturing groups.
a natural or artificial channel through which something (such as a fluid) is conveyed
the spread of cultural elements from one area or group of people to others by contact
promoting belief in human equality especially with respect to social, political, and economic affairs
a major political unit having a territory of great extent or a number of territories or peoples under a single sovereign authority
Flora and Fauna
plants and animals in a region
the activity of governing a country or controlling a company or an organization; the way in which a country is governed or a company or institution is controlled
The system of writing used in East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound
reciprocal action or influence
The science and technology of metals
belief in a single God
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter.
movement and migration of different populations, relationships between people and the environment they settled in
belief in more than one god
the internal institutionalized relationships built up by persons living within a group (such as a family or community) especially with regard to the hierarchical organization of status and to the rules and principles regulating behavior
to divide or arrange into classes, castes, or social strata
a type of cloth or woven fabric
the custom of venerating deceased ancestors who are considered still a part of the family and whose spirits are believed to have the power to intervene in the affairs of the living.
The breeding, care, and use of domesticated herding animals such as cattle, camels, goats, horses, and llamas
a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
The preparation of land to grow and yield crops.
the act of spreading something, especially information
brought under human control; tamed or cultivated
the socially superior part of society
made easy; helped bring about, assisted
the act of searching for food and provisions
the classification of a group of people according to ability or to economic, social, or professional standing
A new method, idea, product, etc.
a culture's system of recognized family roles and relationships that define the obligations, rights, and boundaries of interaction among the members of a self-recognizing group.
movements of a people from one region to another
of or relating to a monument
relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
the earliest forms of writing in which pictures represent words or ideas
an important item or raw material
A situation in which quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded
The exchange of goods, services, culture, and traditions across political or geographic boundaries