15 terms

Cell Vocabulary

Science cell vocab stuff. Yeah...
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organelle
tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
cell wall
the rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms
cell membrane
controls what substances enter and leave the cell
nucleus
the cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activities
nuclear envelope
protects the nucleus
chromatin
thin strands of genetic material that carry the instructions for the cell's function
nucleolus
where ribosomes are made
cytoplasm
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus. Made up of a clear, thick, gel-like fluid
mitochondria
rod-shaped cell structures that convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out is functions
endoplasmic reticulum
cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one partof the cell to another
ribosomes
small grain-like structure in the cytoplasm where proteins are made
golgi bodies
structures in a cell that recieve proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
chloroplasts
capture energy from the sun and use it to produce food for the cell
vacuole
sac inside a cells that acts as a storage area
lysosome
small, round structures containing chemicals that break down certain materials in the cell