Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
MUSIC BIZ FINAL
Survey of Music Business
Terms in this set (62)
Six Exclusive Rights
To reproduce copies phonorecords
To prepare derivative work
To distribute to the public as a rental, lease or to lend.
To perform works publicly
To display works publicly
To digitally transmit sound recordings to the public
Types of "Fair Use"
Criticism and comment
Research and scholarship
Nonprofit educational uses
the process by which a musician or band repays an advance. Record companies typically withhold a musician's royalties until the entirety of their "investment" (the advance) is earned back. Once the process of "recouping" the advance is complete, the record company will begin to again reissue royalties to the musician or band.
the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and/or songwriters. It also acts as a liaison between artists and the record label or publishing company; every activity involving artists to the point of album release is generally considered under the purview of, and responsibility of, A&R. ARTIST AND REPERTOIRE
Harry Fox Agency
is a provider of rights management and collector and distributor of mechanical license fees on behalf of music publishers in the United States. HFA has over 46,000 music publishing clients and issues the largest number of licenses for physical and digital formats of music. It was founded in 1927 by the National Music Publishers Association.
Where is the U.S Copyright office located?
U.S. Copyright Office is an office of public record for copyright registration and deposit of copyright material.
The BIG three record labels and their HQ's
the French-owned Universal Music Group-HQ's (New York, NY and Santa Monica, CA)
the Japanese-owned Sony Music Entertainment-HQ's (New York, NY)
the US-owned Warner Music Group-HQ's (New York,NY)
Cartage/ Cartage Fees
cost of transport of heavy musical equipment to and from venues and studios.
Controlled Composition Clause
this Clause addresses how much money a record company will pay its recording artist (in his capacity as a composer) for those of his songs which he records
the record company's practice of using profits from a CURRENT album to recoup debt from PREVIOUS albums
The concept that an Artist can have only one Personal Manager.
The length of time of a recording contract
term (of the contract)
What CAN be copyrighted?
Book, song, movie, ect.
What CANNOT be copyrighted?
The Recording Industry Association of America is a trade organization that represents recording industry distributors in the United States.
the percentage of income generated by record sales that is paid to the artist.
The period of time beginning after recording the album and ending after all promotional activities for the album are complete. Album cycles usually include a tour and promotion of the individual singles of the album. Album cycles are often used as an alternative approach in structuring a management agreement. Instead of signing for a specific number of years, an artist and manager can agree on a specific number of album cycles.
based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise.
Load in and load out
The period after a special event ends when the crews get to work tearing down their equipment and evacuating the venue within a certain time period.
American ticket sales and distribution company
a performance of an already copyrighted song
AFM is one of the largest unions of performing artists and is made up of musicians. AFM members work in all fields of music. Joining AFM is beneficial to musicians because it guarantees they will be paid at the minimum rate established by the union, called the union scale.
was a performers' union that represented a wide variety of talent, including actors in radio and television, radio and television announcers and newspersons, singers and recording artists (both royalty artists and background singers), promo and voice-over announcers and other performers in commercials, stunt persons and specialty acts—as the organization itself publicly states, "AFTRA's membership includes an array of talent. HQ- Los Angelos, CA.
Master Use License
A "master use license" is an agreement by which the Copyright Owner of a Sound Recording (usually, the record company) grants Permission to someone else to use the Sound Recording in a visual work.
an agreement by which the Copyright Owner of Musical Composition allows its use in a visual work.
A license from a copyright owner for the licensee to use music in a radio commercial.
hired by an artist to act as chief operating officer of the business entity surrounding the artist. A personal manager is typically in charge of hiring/firing. to make difficult business related decisions such as which record label to sign with, what kind of publishing deal to seek
A music supervisor helps select music, supervises the clearing of music, hires a composer and supervises the recording of the score.
A performance royalty is owed to the songwriter and publisher of a particular song whenever that composition is "broadcast" or performed "in public.
every time a song you've written is manufactured to be sold in a CD, downloaded on a digital music retail site, or streamed through services like Spotify and Rdio, you are owed a mechanical royalty
A rider is list of requirements/demands that artists want to have in their dressing room,Hotel and Travel.
SoundScan is the official method of tracking sales of music and music video products throughout the United States and Canada.
When Vivendi spun off the movie and TV part of the business it was purchased by
After Sony bought out BMG the new company was named
Sony Music Entertainment, Inc
Record Clubs, iTunes, and TV offers are examples of
Direct to consumer sales
Live recorded albums always count towards an artist's contract obligations to do a certain number of recordings for the label.
Cross-collateralization is a method for
recoupment of advances
According to Passman, as each option is exercised by the record label and artist should receive
an increased royalty rate and more money to record the next album.
The consolidation of radio began
when President Clinton signed the Telecommunications Act in 1996
The contract between the agency and the promoter has two parts, the _____ and the ____.
Prima Facia/ rider
For an unestablished promoter the deposit
will probably be 100 percent of the guarantee
The ________ is responsible for collecting and holding the deposits for the artist's tour appearances.
What portion of tour support money is typically recouped from the artist's income?
100% The record company recoups it all.
TicketMaster was started by
two college students
Which of the following is owned by Live Nation
House of Blues Clubs/venues
The first part of an agency-promoter contract deals with
Fees, dates and venues
personal requirements of the artist
In a promoter profit deal the split after breakeven
heavily favors the artist
"Scaling the house" involves
setting ticket prices
Agents in the music industry are
responsible for finding the artist work
When the talent agency requires that the promoter give their artist top bill on all tickets, advertisement and press releases, he is asking for
100% star billing
Concert promoters contract for artists services through
Booking or Talent Agencies
The rigger is
the person that hangs speakers, lights and staging from the building's superstructure (beams)
The overriding role of management is to
advance the artist's career
All talent agencies
are exclusive representatives of the artist during negotiations with promoters
Major talent agencies like CAA and WME
are "franchised" by the unions
Until they are added to the team the personal manager may do the job of
all of the above including business manager
The union enforces its member policies primarily by
taking membership cards away from members who violate their rules
NOT a typical part of a personal manager's job?
finding work for the artist
The one thing that neither of the major unions require of you to join is
If the artist is the CEO (Chief Executive Officer) of their business, the personal manager is the
COO - Chief Operating Officer
Which member of the management team is the artist's exclusive representative in negotiating concert deals with promoters?
The Talent Agent
Rather than getting a five year artist management deal, these days the personal manager's contract is just as likely to be
for a specified number of album cycles
Sets found in the same folder
Music Business Final
Survey of Music Business Final
Survey of Music Business Final
Sets with similar terms
Music Business Final Exam
Survey of Music Business Final
GLOSSARY TERM FOR LEGAL ASPECTS
Music Business I Final Terms
Other sets by this creator
Taco mamacita menu test, Dyllan
EIS 2350 Exam 1