Upgrade to remove ads
Religion chapter 1
Terms in this set (37)
What is Catholic Social Doctrine?
The application of the Gospel demand to love others and treat them with justice to social and political issues.
What is anthropology?
The study of human life and culture.
What is Original Sin?
The fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born.
What does it mean to say that human beings have a social nature?
Humans gain knowledge, experience, and learn life skills through being social and sharing life together.
Why does God's plan of redemption have a social nature?
God sent many people to lead and urge the people to change their ways. The prophets foretold of this plan of redemption.
What is the Didache?
An early Christian writing (mid-first century) of unknown authorship. It summarizes morality as a choice between the path of life and the path of death, liturgical practice, and disciplinary norms.
What are the problems that afflict the standard fact-opinion distinction?
1. Facts don't need proofs
2. Proofs are not enough for facts
3. The distinction confuses facts with proofs
4. The necessity of proofs would make facts person-relative
5. It implies what it denies: some things are both facts and opinions
6. It's not consistently abided by
7. Teaches that there are no moral facts
8. The distinction can't be proven, so it's not factual
What does the standard fact-opinion distinction imply about morality?
There are no moral facts/truths or that moral facts are relative (or opinions)
Why is the standard fact-opinion distinction self-defeating?
It cannot be proven, and it states that things that cannot be proven are not factual. Therefore, the distinction is not factual.
What is the principle of subsidiarity?
The principle of subsidiarity states that a community of a higher order should not assume the task belonging to a community of a lower order and deprive it of its authority.
What is the principle of solidarity?
Genuine friendship and care between individuals both within and across particular economic and social groups
What is apologetics?
The art of explaining and defending the Christian faith to nonbelievers.
What is the basic Christian social principle?
To love one another.
What is the relationship between love and the Mosaic Law?
St. Paul said the "he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law" (Rom 13:18). By this, St. Paul meant that hose who love their neighbors have obeyed that commandments that God gave Moses.
What is the relationship between love and Catholic Social Doctrine?
All of Catholic social doctrine is a practical working out of Christ's command to his followers to love one another.
What is the origin and goal of every human person?
Our origine is God, who made us, and our end goal is God, in whom we long to rest — we came from God and are going back to God (in God we find both our origin and our destiny); to quote the textbook, "Trinitarian love is the origin and goal of every human person."
How does Jesus share Divine Life with humanity?
While on Earth, Christ shared his devine life through the Paschal Mystery. He also established the Church and the sacraments so that we could become "partakers of the divine nature."
How is our religious life both individual and social?
We are saved individually, but we live out our Christian life within the communion of the Church.
How do we receive the Holy Spirit today?
We receive the Holy Spirit through the sacraments, especially baptism and confirmation.
According to St. Paul, which sacrament especially makes Christians one body?
What is ecumenism?
Ecumenism is the work of the Church to heal divisions among Christians.
What is grace?
Grace is a share in the divine life that enables us to enjoy supernaturally what we cannot possess naturally, or on our own. It enables us to love like God.
Why did God create man?
God made us so that we could share in his own life.
How does Christ, the Messiah, heal humanity's social relations?
By bringing peace and establishing His heavenly kingdom.
What did God give to Moses in order to guide Israel's social relations?
The 10 Commandments/Mosaic Law
How does God's moral law help human beings to fulfill their nature?
By observing the law, human beings could avoid sin.
What is creation?
Making something from nothing
What is dominion?
Sovereignty or control
Who are the children of God? Describe their state of condition.
Humans are the children of God who are in a fallen state after Adam and Eve.
What is charity?
Charity is the virtue by which we love God above all things for His own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.
What is a sacrament?
A sacrament is an outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace.
What is the Paschal Mystery?
The Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus
Who is the Holy Spirit?
The Holy Spirit is God and the third Person of the Blessed Trinity.
What is the doctrine of the Trinity?
the centerpiece of Christian belief and theology, by definition the Christian God is a triune God, three Persons- God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Spirit
In the second century AD, what most struck the pagans of North Africa about Christians?
The kindness, charity, unity, and peace of believers.
Why does the Church engage in interfaith dialogue with Jews, Muslims, Hindus, and followers of other non-Christian religions?
Gives a better understanding of our separated brethren and beliefs of the Church.
How is love of neighbor related to love for God?
Humans are made in the image and likeness of God, therefore by loving God, we must love our neighbor and vice versa.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ethics CH 1 and 2
Religion Chapter 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
CST Intro and Ch. 1 vocab
Moral Theology Unit 1-2
Catholic Morality Study Guide
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Business Management Final
Reagan, Bush, and Clinton Administrations
Nixon, Ford, Carter- Contemporary History
Great society and Vietnam War