English Literary Terms Set
Terms in this set (125)
It is a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar.
It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
It is an account or detailed description about the life of a person.
It is a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly. Words carry cultural and emotional associations or meanings, in addition to their literal meanings.
It is the literal meaning of a word.
It is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience.
It is a change that occurs in a literary work. It can be a change in tone, point of view, or subject matter.
It is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn't literally true but helps explain an idea or make a comparison.
It is a figure of speech involving the indirect comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid.
It is a figure of speech in which a thing - an idea or an animal - is given human attributes.
It is a story about someone's life; usually, it focuses on a specific theme often a reflection on some particular event or place.
It is a typical character, an action, or a situation that seems to represent universal patterns of human nature.
It is a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work, which may be stated directly or indirectly.
It is the phenomena of a narrator conveying part of his or her personality through writing.
It is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It is usually a passing reference and the writer using it expects the reader to spot it and grasp the significance.
It is a short story that is often humorous but is told to convey or support a point.
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant or harsh.
managing our thinking strategically
a conceptual framework a person uses to make sense of the world
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
an object, character, event or setting that takes on a figurative meaning in addition to its literal meaning in a literary work
any object, act, or event that serves to transmit meaning that is widely understood in a specific cultural context
a variety of a language or a level of usage, as determined by degree of formality and choice of vocabulary, pronunciation, and syntax, according to the context
"Right there" question
asks the reader to find the answer that is located in one place as a word or simple phrase.
"On your own" question
asks the reader to rely on schema or research to provide an answer
"Pulling it together" question
requires the reader to synthesize information from various places in the text to provide an answer
"Text and me" question
requires the reader to use both schema and information in the text to provide an answer
an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.
an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect
An account of a person's life written by that person
a worn-out idea or overused expression
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
Background information presented in a literary work.
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events
prose writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history.
a genre of writing that uses literary styles and techniques to create factually accurate narratives
A scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
language that appeals to the senses
A contrast between expectation and reality
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
writing that tells a story
A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.
point of view
the vantage point from which a story is told
the main character in a literary work
The time, place and sociocultural milieu or context.
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
intended to teach
in a sentence, the omission of a word or words replaced by three periods
A category or type of literature (or of art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content.
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
a short introduction to a book, typically by a person other than the author.
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines
the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence
a short statement, usually one sentence, that summarizes the main point or claim of an essay, research paper, etc., and is developed, supported, and explained in the text by means of examples and evidence.
plan of attack
the organized presentation or blueprint of the argument that will support the thesis
a word or phrase that links different ideas
A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph's idea and often unites it with the work's thesis.
Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts
Uses a part to explain a whole or a whole to explain a part. ex. Lend me an ear.
substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it. ex. Hollywood is not putting out the quality films it once was
A novel or story whose theme is the moral or psychological growth of the main character.
Southern Gothic Literature
Literary genre that incorporates the hero and monster archetypes, dilapidated settings and the macabre.
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual
A condition in which members of society have differing amounts of wealth, prestige, or power.
the hierarchical arrangement of society about social class, wealth, political influence.
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
Conversation between two or more characters
A form of understatement that involves making an affirmative point by denying its opposite
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
An assertion, usually supported by evidence
the use of quotes from a literary work in order to support and strengthen a person's argument
a character who is complex and many sided
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
a character who remains the same throughout the story
a dramatic or literary character representing a type in a conventional manner and recurring in many works
A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
A type of comic book, usually with a lengthy and complex story line similar to those of novels
a humorous television series with continuing characters that often focuses on day-to-day matters
a funny movie, play, or television program about a love story that ends happily
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
The lines and borders that contain the panels
the space between framed panels
A distinct segment of the comic, containing a combination of image and text in endless variety.
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect or ridicule.
A brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
a short, descriptive literary sketch
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter
A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work
A character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story
A character or force in conflict with the main character
A series of difficulties forming the central action in a narrative.
A struggle between opposing forces
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
A brief and often simplistic lesson that a reader may infer from a work of literature.
an approach to literature that seeks to correct or supplement what may be regarded as a predominantly male-dominated critical perspective
the art or practice of judging and commenting on the qualities and character of literary works.
the arrangement of panels on a page
image that extends to and/or beyond the edge of the page
images closer to the viewer ad often the focus
objects between the foreground and background
images that appear farther away and often provide contextual or even subtextual information
techniques used to draw the viewer's eye
boxes containing text elements often including scene descriptions
depict external or interior dialogue
special effects lettering
technique used to call attention to text often to highlight sounds or reinforce the impact of words
how an image makes you feel
meaning derived from history, culture or prior association
the gaze of a character in a visual text that points the viewer in a specific direction
a character in a visual text gazing directly at the viewer
the difference between light and dark
what attracts attention in a visual text
vectors that direct our gaze
the use of symmetry whether with space, color or contrast
a usually humorous film or television program that uses documentary conventions on fictional rather than real-world subject matter often satirizing the subject
A movie, play, or broadcast program that combines elements of drama and comedy.
a new word formed by joining two others and combining their meanings, e.g. brunch
A new word created by shortening an existing one, e.g. phone.
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