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Chapter 3 Government
Terms in this set (44)
a detailed, written plan for government
Two house legislature
the idea of a bill of rights can be traced back to these 2 English documents
- Magna Carta
- English Bill of Rights
a group of individual states that unite for a common purpose
Articles of Confederation
document that became the first constitution of the U.S.
what rivers made the boundaries of the Northwest territory
Mississippi River and Ohio River
Ordinance of 1785
surveying the land to sell it
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
plan for admitting new states
Weaknesses of the Articles
- no power to tax
- no power to regulate trade
- no power to enforce laws
- no national courts
- could not pass laws without approval from 9 out of 13 states
- could not change the Articles without unanimous consent
Massachusetts was overtaxing people, farmers come together to rebel; people began to call for a stronger government
Original purpose of the Constitutional Convention
To revise the Articles of Confederation
he was chosen to lead the Constitutional Convention
Each state had _____ vote and a simple ______ would decide any issue at the Constitutional Convention
the delegates worked in _____ to enable them to talk freely with no outside interference
proposed by James Madison; asked for 3 branches of government, representation based on population
New Jersey Plan
proposed by William Paterson; based on the Articles: one house congress, equal representation of states; gives the government powers to tax and to regulate trade
The Great Compromise
proposed by the committee headed by Roger Sherman; compromising on both plans: two house congress, senate- equal and house- based on population
compromising on slavery and representation; 5 slaves = 3 people in population and taxation
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
congress cannot tax exports and would not act on slave trade for 20 years
proposed by Alexander Hamilton; a group of electors named by the state legislatures to select president and vice president
Number of states needed to ratify the Constitution
supporters of the constitution; wanted a stronger central government
a form of government in which power is divided between a national and state government
a collection of 85 essays written in support of the constitution
opposed the constitution, not in favor of a strong central government
major weakness of the new constitution that would be fixed by the new government asap
It didn't have a bill of rights
the seven articles of the constitution
Legislative powers, Executive powers, Judicial powers, Explains the relationship between the states and the national government, describes how to change the constitution, declares the constitution the supreme law of the land, and describes how the constitution was to be ratified.
Total number of amendments to the Constitution
under the articles, type of vote needed to amend the Articles
two ways to propose a constitutional amendment
2/3 vote in each house, a constitutional convention called by 2/3 of states
two ways to ratify a constitutional amendment
Be ratified by 3/4 of States legislatures, special conventions held by 3/4 of states
Interpreting the constitution differently.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Congress makes laws which shall be necessary and proper to carry out its duties
They are not listed in the constitution.
who had the final authority in interpreting the constitution
5 basic principles of the Constitution
Popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federealism
Rule of Law
Law applies to everyone
Baron de Montesquieu influenced which principle of government
Separation of powers
Examples of checks and balances
Legislative can impeach override vetos and approve appointments.
"Listed"; directly granted to the national government
State powers. Powers set aside for the states.
Shared powers by the state and federal government.
Federal government is supreme.
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