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this is for the second organic compounds quiz on FRIDAY, for MR. MEADOR'S CLASS. NOT mrs. campfield *cough*anne*cough*


example of carbohydrates

Vegtable Oil, Fat

example of lipids (2)


example of proteins


examples of nucleic acids


compounds made of carbon and hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a 1:2:1 ratio, respectivley


ratio of carbon:hydrogen:oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate


bonded monosaccharides that form a chain

Glucose, Galactose, Fructose

the three monosaccharaides for carbohydrates


number of calories in 1 gram of carbohydrates


a macromolecule that isn't soluble in water and is composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen

Glycerol, Fatty Acid Chain

things that make up a lipid monomer

Fats, Oils, Waxes

examples of lipid polymers (3)

Saturated Fatty Acid

there are only single bonds between all carbon atoms in a fatty acid chain, has more hydrogen

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

there are double and triple bonds between carbon atoms in a fatty acid chains, with less hydrogen

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus

elements in nucleic acids macromolecules


the monomers of nucleic acid chains

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen

elements contained in proteins

Amino Acid

monomers for proteins

Amino, Carboxol

the two main groups in amino acids


distinguishes one amino acid from another


number of amino acids

Peptide Bonds

bonds that form amino acids

Polypeptide Chains

chains that form proteins


another word for macromolecule


a giant molecule made from many other molecules


when monomers join together to form polymers


units that make up polymers

Dehydration Synthesis

When an H2O molecule is removed to join 2 molecules together


when a water molecule is split to break bonds between monomers


provides short term energy and structure (celulose and chitin)


functions as long term energy storage, protection and insulation, structure, and chemical messanger


functions for structure, regular cell pocesses and chemical reactions (enzymes), and transport

Nucleic Acid

sole function is to store and transmit genetic information

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