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33 terms

Organic Compounds Quiz #2

this is for the second organic compounds quiz on FRIDAY, for MR. MEADOR'S CLASS. NOT mrs. campfield *cough*anne*cough*
STUDY
PLAY
Sugar
example of carbohydrates
Vegtable Oil, Fat
example of lipids (2)
Beef
example of proteins
DNA, RNA
examples of nucleic acids
Carbohydrate
compounds made of carbon and hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a 1:2:1 ratio, respectivley
1:2:1
ratio of carbon:hydrogen:oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate
Polysaccharides
bonded monosaccharides that form a chain
Glucose, Galactose, Fructose
the three monosaccharaides for carbohydrates
4
number of calories in 1 gram of carbohydrates
Lipid
a macromolecule that isn't soluble in water and is composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
Glycerol, Fatty Acid Chain
things that make up a lipid monomer
Fats, Oils, Waxes
examples of lipid polymers (3)
Saturated Fatty Acid
there are only single bonds between all carbon atoms in a fatty acid chain, has more hydrogen
Unsaturated Fatty Acid
there are double and triple bonds between carbon atoms in a fatty acid chains, with less hydrogen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
elements in nucleic acids macromolecules
Nucleotides
the monomers of nucleic acid chains
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
elements contained in proteins
Amino Acid
monomers for proteins
Amino, Carboxol
the two main groups in amino acids
R-Group
distinguishes one amino acid from another
20
number of amino acids
Peptide Bonds
bonds that form amino acids
Polypeptide Chains
chains that form proteins
Polymer
another word for macromolecule
Macromolecule
a giant molecule made from many other molecules
Polymerization
when monomers join together to form polymers
Monomer
units that make up polymers
Dehydration Synthesis
When an H2O molecule is removed to join 2 molecules together
Hydrolysis
when a water molecule is split to break bonds between monomers
Carbohydrate
provides short term energy and structure (celulose and chitin)
Lipid
functions as long term energy storage, protection and insulation, structure, and chemical messanger
Protein
functions for structure, regular cell pocesses and chemical reactions (enzymes), and transport
Nucleic Acid
sole function is to store and transmit genetic information