Music Appreciation: Unit 2 - Music Fundamentals
Terms in this set (150)
(accel. ) a gradual quickening of tempo
return to the original tempo
a steady pulse in a regular pattern
beats per minute
notes or chords that accompany a melody
a small meter pattern separated by bar lines
the main tune in a piece of music
beats organized into recurring strong/weak patterns
the art of combining elements of rhythm, melody, and harmony into distinct patterns to produce musical sounds that communicate emotions and ideas
the set of symbols used to write music down
unaccented note(s) before the first accented beat
a symbol that indicates silence in music
the forward movement of music in time and the basis for "keeping time" in music
(ritard or rit. )a gradual slowing of tempo
rhythm accenting something other than a strong beat
the speed of the music
the set of numbers at the beginning of a piece of music that show the meter
Basic three elements of music?
Largo - Broadly
Larghetto - moderatly slow
Adagio - slow; at ease
Andante - walking
Moderato - moderatly
Allegro - fast
Presto - very fast
Prestissimo - as fast as possible
movement by steps in melody
movement by leapss in melody
the distance between two pitches
words sung to music
high or low musical tone
the direction of pitches in a melody
the standard five lines and four spaces on which music is written
a basic melody on which a larger work is based
Which of the following is not a required characteristic of a well-written melody?
A(n) ______ shape in a melody incorporates pitches that mainly rise or become higher.
Musical pitches are _____.
the building blocks of a melody
named after the first seven letters of the alphabet
written on a five-line, four-space staff
The _____ is the smallest interval in Western music.
half - step
The notation used to extend pitches beyond the normal staff is called a(n) _____.
an order of chords
a pleasant, stable harmonic sound
an unsettled harmonic sound that wants to resolve to consonance
an accidental that lowers a note's pitch 1/2 step
notes or chords that accompany a melody
the texture of predominant melody accompanied by harmony
the title of the scale on which a piece of music is based
a list of sharps or flats at the beginning of a staff line that indicate what key to use
the texture of a single tune in all parts
an accidental that cancels a sharp or flat
the texture of simultaneous, independent melodies
dissonant sound moving to consonant sound
a single octave of pitches in a certain interval pattern that forms the basis for tonality and harmony
a name or number assigned to each pitch in a scale
an accidental that raises a note's pitch ½ step
a combination of horizontal and vertical elements of music
the tonal center and "home" key of a scale
a three-note chord based on consecutive staff lines or spaces
the same melody in different octaves
bright and happy
somber and dark
Harmony concerns mainly _____ pitch relationships.
Which accidental raises a pitch by a half step?
Which types of texture have a single, clear melody?
Consonance and dissonance are both necessary for a vibrant, balanced harmonic sound.
antecedent and consequent
a pair of musical phrases that complement each other in rhythm and harmony
two-part structure (AB)
transitional material connecting two sections
contrasting verse-chorus form
verses sung to the same tune interspersed with chorus using a different tune (ABAB...)
the organizational structure of music
material that precedes the main section or movement
simple verse form
all verses sung to the same tune (AAA...)
simple verse-chorus form
verses and interspersed chorus sung to the same tune (AAA...)
category of form based on stanzas with lyrics
three part structure of music (ABA)
The _____ phrase "answers" the antecedent with a similar rhythm and harmony.
In which form will the A theme move from tonic to dominant to prepare for the B theme?
Which of the following can be true of ternary form?
Three part form
the initial attack of a note
the degree from loud to soft in music
smooth, connected articulation
short, clipped articulation
sound quality unique to a particular voice, instrument, or group
Pianississimo - softest
fortississimo - loudest
Which of the foundational musical elements is best defined as "the forward movement of music in time"?
Which type of meter accents the first beat in each measure?
A _____ marking in music tells you to slow down the tempo.
High pitches are usually written _____.
in the treble clef
_________in a combination of conjunct and disjunct motion can be used to create a pleasing melody.
Chords based on scale degrees create appropriate harmonies for a piece of music.
A single tune sung in unison by five different voices displays _____ texture.
Which foundational element of form is displayed by changing keys within a section of music?
A(n) _____ section of music will be smooth and connected.
A volume change in music is a change in _____.
the flared end of an instrument
a large group of people playing instruments usually including strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion
pitches a given instrument can comfortably play
a thin piece on an instrument that's vibrated by air to create sound
an instrument played by blowing air through it
Women: high middle low
soprano, mezo soprano, alto
Men: high middle low
tenor, baritone, bass
Which voice part represents the lowest male voice?
Instruments in an orchestra are typically divided into what four categories?
strings, percussion, woodwinds, brass
Brass instruments are a part of the wind category of instruments.
The ________ is a double-reed woodwind.
Which of the following is not a brass instrument?
Which instrument has the highest range?
a wood and horsehair tool used to play many stringed instruments
a taut membrane stretched over the open end of a drum and beaten to produce sound
a stick used to play an instrument
a small plastic tool used to pluck a stringed instrument
Which of these instruments has strings but is not considered a traditional string instrument?
Playing the involves scraping two metal disks together.
The _____ is the lowest pitched orchestral stringed instrument.
Which instruments are held between the knees because of their size?
A _____ is used to strike percussion instruments.
Plucking a stringed instrument may be done with the fingers or a _____.
instrumental music that supports the main part(s)
a large group of instruments usually including woodwinds, brass, and percussion. 40-80
music written for small ensembles for an intimate setting
a small group of instrumentalists (2-12)
a large singing group of multiple voice parts 5+ per part
a person who leads an ensemble
two musical parts
a group of musicians performing together
four musical parts
a single main musical part
an electronic keyboard capable of multiple instrument sounds
three musical parts
A __________ is an instrumental part added to enhance the main performer.
Which of the following ensembles has the fewest members?
Which ensembles below would not use strings within the group?
A conductor is responsible for _____.
Keeping time for the ensemble,
Interpreting loud's and soft's
The abbreviation SSATTB for mixed chorus means 1st soprano, 2nd soprano, alto, 1st tenor, 2nd tenor, baritone.
A ____________ is most effective performing in smaller, more intimate settings because of the ensemble size and musical style.
Most percussion instruments are unpitched.
Which of the following would not help you analyze a melody?
Determine an instrumental ensemble appropriate for the melody.
A harp is an instrument with strings that is located in the percussion section of the orchestra.
When harmonies in a piece of music include several, independent melodies occurring simultaneously, we categorize the music as _____.
polyphonic in texture
Which section of the orchestra is considered the foundation because of its unique timbre?
Which of these instruments has the highest range?
An alto singer reads music in the _____ clef.
In three to five sentences, list and briefly explain the three elements foundational to music.
The three fundamental elements that are foundational to music are rhythm, harmony, and melody. Rhythm is known as the forward movement of the music, this is the part we dance along too. Harmony are the notes and chords that go with the melody, sometimes known as the vertical aspect of music. Finally melody, the melody is the main tune of music, it does not need lyrics to be a melody.
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