Research Methods COM 3311 Exam 1

Terms in this set (39)

a. Linear: S1 sends a message to R1. R1 receives the message. Cognitive processing takes place in R1 (decoding, interpreting, configuring new message to send taking place in the form of encoding). R1 then becomes S2 and sends a new message back to person #1 (S1) who is now R2.

i. This model doesn't take into consideration any distractions, miscommunications, history, nonverbal communication, or simultaneous talking.
ii. In short this model lacks the complexity that marks most communication events

b. Dynamic: S/R = sender/receiver: both participants are senders and receivers at the same time. KEY DIFFERENCES!
" Message: the idea being communicated; the purpose of the communication event
" Channel: the means of the message; can be verbal or nonverbal (using words or not) and vocal or nonvocal (using one's voice or not).
" Encoding: putting one's ideas into verbal/nonverbal-vocal/nonvocal formats to send the receiver
" Decoding: Deciphering the message received from the sender
" Feedback: any communication that encourages or discourages change
" Context: the circumstances that bring the communicators together; includes any history, shared experiences, or current event
" Noise: this is anything that distracts from sending or receiving the message. Noise can be cognitive (missing your significant other), psychological (depressed that mid-term is still so far away), biological (hunger), environmental (room is too cold), or communicator-based (the other person is speaking very low and you have to strain to hear).
" Environment: the physical situation where the communication is place