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Music Nine (California State University, Fresno)
Terms in this set (55)
You learned that the I chord corresponds to a C major chord in the Key of C. What do you think the I chord is in the key of D?
A D major
In the Key of G, what is the IV chord?
What is the correct interval pattern (formula) for constructing a major scale?
W = Whole Step
H = Half Step
If a song is written in C major, would you likely hear an F minor chord? F minor chords are made up of the following notes: F, A flat (Ab), and C.
No. An F minor contains a note that is not in the C major scale (Ab), so it normally shouldn't be used.
No. The chord built on the 4th scale degree is always in major chord (IV).
In the video by Dr. Randy Pausch,"The Last Lecture: Achieving Your Childhood Dreams," he mentioned the concept of "finding your passion and striving to achieve it, through hardwork and effort." He mentioned a former student that eventually achieved the student's dream of working with George Lucas and the film company creating the Star Wars movies.
Which one of these disciplines is NOT related to music, according to Michael Rogers:
This melody is an example of conjunct (step-wise) melodic motion.
The vi chord is a minor chord built on scale degree #6 and is called the submediant.
These are examples of C Major Triads.
In any Major Key, the I, IV, and V chords are usually major.
In the Key of C, what are the chords represented by the Roman Numerals I - V - I - IV
C major, G major, C major, F major
In the Key of G, what are the chords represented by the Roman Numerals I - IV - V - IV?
G major, C major, D major, C major
Which is not included in the paradigm of music as an ArtForm?
Which of these chords would not be heard in the Key of C?
G minor (G Bb D)
Which of the following is not of one of the five basic elements of music?
A chord that creates a harmonic movement back to the I chord (tonic) is called a cadential chord
The movement of the V chord (dominant) back to the I chord (tonic) is known as a plagal cadence.
The Element of Music, Duration, describes when and how long pitches are played, giving rise to concepts such as rhythm and beat.
The term "diatonic" describes chords that are not usually found within a given Key (ex. G minor does not belong in the Key of C).
In the Key of C, the V chord (dominant) is F major
What chord do progressions usually start on?
Which chords are classified as Predominant Functions?
IV and ii
What are the three scale degrees that make up the "I" chord?
1, 3, 5
Describe the sound of major chords vs. minor chords:
Major chords sound: Bright and Happy
Minor chords sound: Dark and Somber
In the Key of C, which of the following chord progressions is an example of Deceptive Cadence?
G major to A minor
The I and vi chords are classified as "Tonic Functions"
The "Chord Function Cycle" (from Section 9) follows this pattern:
PREDOMINANT => TONIC => DOMINANT => PREDOMINANT
This is an example of the following root movement: To or From an I Chord
The ii and IV chords are classified as "Dominant Functions"
This is an example of a Deceptive Cadence
In the Key of C major, what is a ii Chord?
In the key of G major, should D be a Major or minor chord?
In the key of F, the G chord is major
In the Key of C, what chords are major?
The G Chord
The F Chord
The C Chord
In the Key of C, the minor chords are:
The A Chord
The E Chord
The D Chord
To change a major triad into a minor triad, all you need to do is lower (flat) the third by one half step.
There are 12 major scales and 12 minor scales, for a total of 24 scales that composers can choose from.
Which of the following is one of the most popular chord progressions used in pop music over the last 50 years?
I - V - vi - IV
When comparing the C major scale to the C minor scale, the scales that stay the same are 3, 6, and 7.
You can change a major scale into a minor scale by lowering (flatting) the third, sixth, and seventh scale degrees by one half step
What is the purpose of a cadence chord?
To finish a chord progression and/or creating a harmonic movement back to the I chord (tonic)
A cadence in music of the common practice period involve two chords at the end of a phrase or composition. There are several chords frequently used that precede the final chord of a phrase or composition. Which two chords usually function as cadence chords (that precede the final chord of a phrase or composition)?
IV and V
What is the main difference between V and IV as cadence chords?
V is stronger than IV
A common cadence involving the movement of the IV chord to the I chord is called plagal
In a major key, the vii° chord is known as the _______ chord.
In a duple meter with 4 beats per minute (ex. 4/4), match the beats with the appropriate labels
1.A (strongest beat);
3.B (second strongest beat);
4.C (weak beat)
In compound meter with 6 beats per measure (ex. 6/8), match the beats with the appropriate labels.
1.B (weak beat);
4.C (strongest beat);
3.A (second strongest beat)
The C major scale was the first scale discussed in the text. The G major scale sounds like the C major scale because both scales have the same intervallic relationship (distances) between each note of the scale, even though a G major scale contains different notes than the C major scale. Both the C major scale and the G major scales sound similar in quality, but the G major scale starts off on G, which is the tonic note of the scale
In a measure of 6/8 time, beat 5 is a _______?
Match the terms with the correct definitions:
Allegro - Fast
Adagio - Slow
Andante - Medium
Tempo - "Speed" of the beat
When a C major triad is played, D, F, and A (non-chord tones) are _______ notes.
Shenkerian Analysis is a method in which long and complicated passages of music are reduced to simple melodic lines that help to reveal the intent of the composer. This technique is a type of linear analysis.
This is an example of duple meter:
According to the text, what is the most commonly used meter in pop music?
Active notes to tend to resolve to ___________ notes.
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