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36 terms

Microbe Mission: Archaea

STUDY
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Do BACTERIA have a NUCLEUS?
NO
Do ARCHAEA have a NUCLEUS?
NO
Do EUKARYOTA have a NUCLEUS?
YES
Do BACTERIA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?
NO
Do ARCHAEA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?
NO
Do EUKARYOTA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?
YES
What is the structure of BACTERIA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?
One Circular Chromosome
What is the structure of ARCHAEA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?
One Circular Chromosome
What is the structure of EUKARYOTA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?
Many Linear Chromosomes
Do BACTERIA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?
NO
Do ARCHAEA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?
YES
Do EUKARYOTA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?
YES
What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in BACTERIA?
N-formyl methionine
What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in ARCHAEA?
Methionine
What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in EUKARYOTA?
Methionine
Do BACTERIA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?
YES
Do ARCHAEA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?
NO
Do EUKARYOTA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?
NO
Do BACTERIA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?
YES
Do ARCHAEA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?
YES
Do EUKARYOTA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?
NO
Do BACTERIA have INTRONS in their genome?
NO
Do ARCHAEA have INTRONS in their genome?
NO
Do EUKARYOTA have INTRONS in their genome?
YES
Do BACTERIA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?
NO
Do ARCHAEA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?
YES
Do EUKARYOTA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?
YES
Do BACTERIA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?
Simple
Do ARCHAEA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?
Complex
Do EUKARYOTA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?
Complex
Is protein synthesis in BACTERIA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?
NO
Is protein synthesis in ARCHAEA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?
YES
Is protein synthesis in EUKARYOTA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?
YES
Can BACTERIA be human pathogens?
YES
Can ARCHAEA be human pathogens?
NO
Can EUKARYOTA be human pathogens?
YES